Historical Civil War Autographs
 

 

Our Newsletter

Confirm Email

MasterCard
americanexpress.gif         visa.gif

AUTHENTIC AUTOGRAPH LIBRARY

Search within this category:  

Compiled from records which have been diligently studied over the centuries, AUTHENTIC AUTOGRAPH LIBRARY is the foremost comprehensive on-line source for research and authentication of manuscripts from all fields of human endeavor. Pricing and valuation information is not provided, nor are any of the illustrated items available for sale. As a scholarly work in progress, recently discovered exemplars are being added regularly.
Products
Showing All 1910 Items.
  Show Paging 

ABBOT, HOWARD S. (1843-?) Union Lieutenant – 78th Ohio Volunteer Infantry

# abboths
 

ABBOTT & COSTELLO American Comedy Duo

# abbottandcostello
 

ABBOTT, AMOS (1786-1868) U.S. Congressman – Massachusetts – 1843-49; A Founder of the Boston & Portland Railway

# abbotta
 

ABBOTT, JOSEPH C. (1825-81) Brevetted Union Brigadier General for the Capture of Fort Fisher; Union Colonel – 7th New Hampshire Infantry

# abbottjosephc
 

ABBOTT, LYMAN J. (1835-1922) American Congregationalist Theologian, Editor, and Author

# abbottlymanj
 

ABBOTT, RHODA MARY (1873-1946) Only surviving female passenger who went down with the RMS Titanic

# abbottrhodamary
 

ABEL, ORAMEL H. (1834-1904) Union Lieutenant - 114th Illinois Infantry; City Clerk of Springfield, Illinois

# abeloramelh
 

ABERCROMBIE, LASCELLES (1881-1938) English Poet & Critic

# abercrombiel
 

ACOSTA, JOSEPH (Josι) de (1539 or 1540-1600) Spanish Jesuit Missionary & Naturalist in Latin America

# acostajd
 

ADAMS, ABIGAIL (1744-1818) U.S. First Lady – 1797-1801; Wife of U.S. President John Adams

# adamsa
 

ADAMS, CHARLES FRANCIS, III (1866-1954) U.S. Navy Secretary – 1929-33; Grandson of John Quincy Adams; Great-Grandson of John Adams

# adamscfIII
 

ADAMS, CHARLES FRANCIS, JR. (1835-1915) American Author & Historian; Union Brevet Brigadier General & Colonel – 5th Massachusetts Colored Volunteer Cavalry during the American Civil War

# adamscfjr

Son of Charles Francis Adams; Grandson of John Quincy Adams; Great-Grandson of John Adams

 

ADAMS, CHARLES FRANCIS, SR. (1807-86) American Author & Diplomat; U.S. Representative – Massachusetts – 1859-61; Appointed U.S. Minister to England by President Lincoln – 1861-68; Son of President John Quincy Adams; Grandson of President John Adams

# adamscfsr
 

ADAMS, CHARLES HENRY (1824-1902) U.S. Congressman – New York – 1875-77; First Mayor of Cohoes, New York – 1870-72

# adamsch
 

ADAMS, DANIEL WEISIGER (1821-72) Confederate Brigadier General

# adamsdanielweisiger
 

ADAMS, GEORGE WASHINGTON (1801-29) American Attorney & Politician; Eldest Son of President John Quincy Adams

# adamsgeorgewashington
 

ADAMS, JOHN (1735-1826) Second U.S. President – 1797-1801; U.S. Vice President – 1789-97; Signer of the Declaration of Independence; Delegate to the Continental Congress – 1774-78

# adamsjohn
 

ADAMS, JOHN (1825-64) Confederate Brigadier General – Tennessee; Killed-in-Action at the Battle of Franklin, Tennessee – November 30, 1864

# adamsjohncsa
 

ADAMS, JOHN QUINCY (1767-1848) Sixth U.S. President - 1825-29; U.S. Secretary of State 1817-25; U.S. Senator – Massachusetts – 1803-08; U.S. Representative – Massachusetts – 1831-48

# adamsjq
 

ADAMS, LLEWELYN SHERMAN (1899-1986) White House Chief of Staff for President Dwight D. Eisenhower – 1953-58; Governor of New Hampshire – 1949-53; U.S. Representative – New Hampshire – 1945-47

# adamsllewelynsherman
 

ADAMS, LOUISA CATHERINE (1775-1852) U.S. First Lady – 1825-29; Wife of U.S. President John Quincy Adams

# adamslc
 

ADAMS, SAMUEL (1722-1803) American Statesman & Founding Father; Governor of Massachusetts - 1794-97

# adamssamuel
 

ADAMS, STEPHEN (1807-57) U.S. Senator – Mississippi – 1852-57

# adamsstephen
 

ADAMS, WILLIAM HERBERT (1861-1954) Governor of Colorado – 1927-33

# adamswilliamherbert
 

ADAMS, WILLIAM WIRT (1819-88) Confederate Brigadier General

# adamsww
 

ADANSON, MICHEL (1727-1806) French Botanist & Naturalist

# 17910212
 

ADDAMS, JANE (1860-1935) American Social Reformer & Feminist; Winner of the Nobel Peace Prize - 1931

# addamsj
 

ADDISON, JOSEPH (1672-1719) English Essayist & Politician

# addisonj
 

ADE, GEORGE (1866-1944) American Writer & Newspaper Columnist

# adeg
 

ADENAUER, KONRAD (1876-1967) German Statesman; First Chancellor of West Germany – 1949-63

# adenauerkonrad
 

ADLER, ALFRED W. (1870-1937) Austrian Medical Doctor and Psychotherapist

# adleralfredw
 

ADLER, LARRY (1914-2001) American Musician

# adlerlarry
 

ADOLPHUS, GUSTAVUS (1594-1632) King of Sweden - 1611-32

# adolphusgustavus
 

ADRIAN VI (1459-1523) Dutch-Born Pope - 1522-23

# adrianVI
 

AFFRE, DENYS AUGUSTE (1793-1848) Archbishop of Paris – 1840-48

# affredenysauguste
 

AGASSIZ, JEAN LOUIS (1807-73) Swiss-Born Biologist & Geologist

# agassizjeanlouis
 

AGUESSEAU, HENRI FRANCOIS D’ (1668-1751) Chancellor of France, three times from 1717-50

# aguesseauhenrifrancoisd
 

AIKEN, DAVID WYATT (1828-87) Confederate Army Officer during the American Civil War; U.S. Representative – South Carolina – 1877-87

# aikendavidwyatt
 

AKIN, WARREN, SR. (1811-77) Confederate Congressman – Georgia – 1864-65

# akinwarrensr
 

ALBERT (1819-1861) Prince Consort of the United Kingdom & Husband of Queen Victoria – 1840-61

# albert
 

ALBERT OF BRANDENBURG (1490-1545) German Cardinal & Elector; Archbishop of Mainz – 1514-45; Archbishop of Magdeburg – 1513-45

# albertofbrandenburg
 

ALBRIGHT, FONTAINE E. (1845-?) Prominent Attorney in Cairo & Murphysboro, Illinois

# albrightfontainee
 

ALCOTT, LOUISA MAY (1832-88) American Novelist & Poet

# alcottlm
 

ALDEN, ALONZO (1834-1900) Union Brevet Brigadier General

# aldena
 

ALDRICH, THOMAS BAILEY (1836-1907) American Author & Editor

# aldrichtb
 

ALEMBERT, JEAN-BAPTISTE le ROND d’ (1717-83) French Mathematician, Physicist, Philosopher, and Music Theorist

# alembertjbler
 

ALEXANDER I (1777-1825) Emperor of Russia – 1801-25

# alexanderI
 

ALEXANDER II (1818-81) Emperor of Russia, King of Poland, and Grand Duke of Finland – 1855-81; Emancipated the Serfs in 1861; Sold Alaska to the United States in 1867; Assassinated in St. Petersburg on March 13, 1881

# alexanderII
 

ALEXANDER III (circa 1100-1181) Italian-Born Pope – 1159-81

# alexanderIIIds
 

ALEXANDER IV (circa 1185 or 1199-1261) Italian-born Pope – 1254-61

# alexanderIV
 

ALEXANDER VI (1431-1503) Spanish-born Pope – 1492-1503

# alexanderVI
 

ALEXANDER, ANDREW JONATHAN (1833-87) Union Brevet Brigadier General; Union Captain – 3rd U.S. Cavalry; Brevetted for Gallantry at the Cavalry Engagements at Ebenezer Church, Alabama and Columbus, Georgia

# alexanderaj
 

ALEXANDER, BARTON S. (1819-78) Union Brevet Brigadier General

# alexanderbs
 

ALEXANDER, EDWARD PORTER (1835-1910) Confederate Brigadier General

# alexanderep
 

ALEXANDER, JEDIAH FRANKLIN (1827-?) Officer in the St. Louis & Southeastern Railway; Resident of Greenville, Illinois

# alexanderjedediahfranklin
 

ALEXANDER, WILLIAM, LORD STIRLING (1726-83) American Revolutionary War, Major General in the Continental Army

# alexanderwilliam
 

ALEXANDRA OF DENMARK (1844-1925) Queen Consort of the United Kingdom - 1901-10; Wife of Edward VII

# alexandraofdenmark
 

ALFIERI, VITTORIO (1749-1803) Italian Dramatist & Poet

# affieriv
 

ALGER, HORATIO, JR. (1832-99) American Writer

# algerhoratiojr
 

ALGER, RUSSELL A. (1836-1907) Union Brevet Major General; Colonel - 5th Michigan Cavalry; Governor of Michigan – 1885-87; U.S. Secretary of War - 1897-99; U.S. Senator – Michigan – 1902-07

# algerra
 

ALLEN, ETHAN (1737-89) American Revolutionary War – Colonel in the Continental Army & Major General of Vermont Militia

# allene
 

ALLEN, HENRY WATKINS (1820-66) Confederate Brigadier General; Confederate Governor of Louisiana – 1864-65

# allenhw
 

ALLEN, IRA (1751-1814) A Founder of the State of Vermont; Leader of the Green Mountain Boys; Younger brother of Ethan Allen

# alleni
 

ALLEN, IRA WILDER (1827-?) Prominent Educator in Chicago, Illinois

# allenirawilder
 

ALLEN, JONATHAN ADAMS (1825-?) Prominent Physician & Educator in Chicago, Illinois; Official Surgeon-in-Chief of the Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy Railroad Company

# allenjonathanadams
 

ALLEN, WILLIAM WIRT (1835-94) Confederate Major General - Alabama

# allenwilliamwirt
 

ALLEN, WILLIS (1806-59) U.S. Representative – Illinois – 1851-55

# allenwillis
 

ALLENBY, EDMUND H.H. (1861-1936) British Field Marshal

# allenbyedmundhh
 

ALLISON, ABRAHAM K. (1814-93) Confederate State Senator – Florida - 1862-64; Captain of the Franklin Rifles during the Seminole War; U.S. Representative – Florida - 1845, 1847, and 1852; Governor of Confederate Florida - 1865

# allisonak
 

ALLSTON, BENJAMIN (1833-1900) Confederate Colonel – South Carolina

# allstonbenjamin
 

ALLYN, ROBERT (1817-94) President of the Southern Illinois Normal University in Carbondale, Illinois

# allynrobert
 

ALTMAN, BENJAMIN (1840-1913) New York City Department Store Owner & Art Collector

# altmanb
 

AMBLER, JACOB A. (1829-1906) U.S. Congressman - Ohio - 1869-73

# amblerja
 

AMBOISE, GEORGES d' (1460-1510) French Roman Catholic Cardinal & Minister of State

# amboiseg
 

AMDAHL, BJARNE F. (1903-68) Norwegian Pianist, Composer, and Orchestra Conductor

# amdahlbf
 

AMERICAN EXPRESS COMPANY

# americanexpress
 

AMES, ADELBERT (1835-1933) Union Brigadier General – Maine; U.S. Senator – Mississippi – 1870-74; Governor of Mississippi – 1868-70 & 1874-76

# amesa
 

AMES, MARY CLEMMER/MRS. EDMUND HUDSON (1839-84) American Author & Journalist – Known for Her “Woman’s Letter from Washington”

# clemmermaryclemmer
 

AMES, MINER THOMAS (1839-90) Prominent Businessman in Chicago, Illinois; Buried in Graceland Cemetery

# amesminerthomas
 

AMHERST, JEFFERY (1717-97) British Army Field Marshal; Commander-in-Chief of British Forces in North America – 1758-63 - during the Seven Years' War

# amherstj
 

AMMEN, DANIEL (1820-98) U.S. Rear Admiral; Union Naval Officer

# ammend
 

AMPERE, ANDRE-MARIE (1775-1836) French Physicist, founded and named the science of Electrodynamics

# ampeream
 

AMYOT, JACQUES (1513-93), French Renaissance Writer & Translator

# amyotj
 

ANCONA, SYDENHAM ELNATHAN (1824-1913) U.S. Representative - Pennsylvania – 1861-67

# anconasydenhamelnathan
 

ANCRUM, JOHN LAWRENCE (1839-1900) Confederate Navy Surgeon

# ancrumjohnlawrence
 

ANDERSEN, HANS CHRISTIAN (1805-75) Danish Author

# andersenhc
 

ANDERSON, GEORGE BURGWYN (1831-62) Confederate Brigadier General – North Carolina; Mortally wounded at the Battle of Sharpsburg

# andersongeorgeburgwyn
 

ANDERSON, GEORGE THOMAS “TIGE” (1824-1901) Confederate Brigadier General - Georgia

# andersongeorgethomas
 

ANDERSON, JAMES PATTON (1822-72) Confederate Major General - Florida

# andersonjp
 

ANDERSON, JOSEPH H. (1800-70) U.S. Congressman – New York – 1843-47

# andersonjosephh
 

ANDERSON, JOSEPH REID (1813-92) Confederate Brigadier General – Virginia; Superintendent of the Tredegar Iron Works in Richmond, Virginia

# andersonjosephreid
 

ANDERSON, MARIAN (1897-1993) African-American Contralto

# andersonmarian
 

ANDERSON, RICHARD CLOUGH, SR. (1750–1826) American Revolutionary War – Lieutenant Colonel in the Virginia Militia; Father of Robert Anderson, Union commander at Fort Sumter during the opening engagement of the Civil War

# andersonrichardcloughsr
 

ANDERSON, RICHARD HERON (1821-79) Confederate Lieutenant General - South Carolina

# andersonrh
 

ANDERSON, ROBERT (1805-71) Union Brigadier General – Kentucky; Defender of Fort Sumter in the opening engagement of the American Civil War

# andersonrobert
 

ANDERSON, ROBERT HOUSTON (1835-88) Confederate Brigadier General - Georgia

# andersonroberthouston
 

ANDERSON, SAMUEL READ (1804-83) Confederate Brigadier General – Tennessee; Postmaster of Nashville, Tennessee – 1853-61

# andersonsamuelread
 

ANDERSON, WILLIAM BLACK (1830-1901) Union Brevet Brigadier General; Colonel of the 60th Illinois Volunteer Infantry

# andersonwb
 

ANDERSON, WILLIAM EDWARD (1833-1908) Confederate General of Florida Militia

# andersonwilliamedward
 

ANDRE, JOHN (1750- 80) American Revolutionary War, Major in the British Army; Hanged as a spy by the Continental Army for assisting Benedict Arnold's attempted surrender of the fort at West Point, New York to the British

# andrej
 

ANDREW, JOHN A. (1818-67) Governor of Massachusetts – 1861-66, instrumental in enlisting some of the first units of Colored Troops for the Union, including the 54th Massachusetts Infantry

# andrewjohna
 

ANDREWS, GEORGE LEONARD (1828-99) Union Brigadier General - Massachusetts

# andrewsgeorgeleonard
 

ANDREWS, GEORGE LIPPITT (1828-1920) U.S. Army Officer – Brevetted Lieutenant Colonel & Colonel in the 17th U.S. Infantry for gallantry at the Battles of Second Bull Run and Chancellorsville

# andrewsgeorgelippitt
 

ANNE (1665-1714) Queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland – 1702-07; Queen of Great Britain – 1707-14

# anne
 

ANNE OF FRANCE (1461-1522) French Princess, eldest daughter of King Louis XI; Served as Queen Regent – 1483-91 - during the minority of her brother, Charles VIII

# anneoffrance
 

ANTHONY, HENRY B. (1815-84) U.S. Senator – Rhode Island – 1859-84; Governor of Rhode Island – 1849-51

# anthonyhb
 

ANTHONY, SUSAN B. (1820-1906) American Social Reformer

# anthonysusanb
 

ANTIETAM PAROLE

# antietamparole
 

ANTIN, DUKE OF, Louis Antoine de Pardaillan de Gondrin (1664-1736) French Nobleman

# antinla
 

ANTOINETTE, MARIE (1755-93) Queen of France – 1774-92; Executed by guillotine in Paris on October 16, 1793

# antoinettemarie
 

ANVILLE, JEAN-BAPTISTE BOURGUIGNON d’ (1697-1782) French Geographer and Cartographer

# anvillejbb
 

APPLETON, JOHN (1815-64) U.S. Congressman – Maine – 1853-55; Assistant U.S. Secretary of State – 1857-60

# appletonj
 

APPLETON, WILLIAM (1786-1862) Civil War U.S. Congressman – Massachusetts - 1861

# appletonw
 

ARBOS, ENRIQUE FERNANDEZ (1863-1939) Spanish Violinist, Composer, and Conductor

# arbosef
 

ARBUTHNOT, MARIOT (1711-94) British Admiral during the American Revolutionary War

# arbuthnotmariot
 

ARCHBOLD, JOHN D. (1848-1916) American Financier; Co-founder of Standard Oil Company

# archboldjohnd
 

ARCHER, JAMES JAY (1817-64) Confederate Brigadier General - Texas

# archerjamesjay
 

ARCHER, WILLIAM (1856-1924) Scottish Writer & Theatre Critic

# archerwilliam
 

ARISTA, MARIANO (1802-55) Mexican Army Commander during the Mexican-American War – 1846-48; President of Mexico – 1851-53

# aristamariano
 

ARLISS, GEORGE (1868-1946) English Actor, Author, Playwright, and Filmmaker, the first British actor to win an Academy Award

# arlissgeorge
 

ARMISTEAD, LEWIS ADDISON (1817-63) Confederate Brigadier General – Virginia; Mortally wounded at the Battle of Gettysburg, July 3, 1863

# armisteadlewisaddison
 

ARMSTRONG, FRANK CRAWFORD (1835-1909) Confederate Brigadier General – Indian Territory; U.S. Indian Inspector – 1885-89; Assistant Commissioner of Indian Affairs – 1893-95

# armstrongfrankcrawford
 

ARMSTRONG, LOUIS (1901-71) American Jazz Trumpeter and Vocalist

# armstronglouis
 

ARMSTRONG, NEIL ALDEN (1930-2012) American Astronaut; First man to walk on the Moon

# armstrongneilalden
 

ARNAUD, FRANCOIS-THOMAS-MARIE de BACULARD d’ (1718-1805) French Writer & Playwright

# arnaudfrancoisthomas
 

ARNAULD, ANTOINE (1560-1619) French Attorney & Politician; Counsellor of State under Henry IV

# arnauldantoine
 

ARNOLD, BENEDICT (1741-1801) American Revolutionary War, Major General in the Continental Army; Defected to the British in 1780

# arnoldbenedict
 

ARNOLD, MATTHEW (1833-88) British Author & Poet

# arnoldmatthew
 

ARTHUR III, ARTHUR de RICHEMONT (1393-1458) Duke of Brittany – 1457-58

# arthurIII
 

ARTHUR, CHESTER A. (1830-86) Twenty-First U.S. President - 1881-85; U.S. Vice President – 1881; Civil War Quartermaster General of New York

# arthurchestera
 

ASHBY, TURNER (1828-62) Confederate Brigadier General – Virginia; Killed-in-Action near Harrisonburg, Virginia – June 6, 1862

# ashbyturner
 

ASHLEY, JAMES MITCHELL (1824-96) Abolitionist U.S. Congressman – 1859-69; Governor of the Montana Territory – 1869-70

# ashleyjm
 

ASHMUN, GEORGE (1804-70) U.S. Congressman – Massachusetts – 1845-51; President of the 1860 Republican National Convention at Chicago; Director of the Union Pacific Railroad Company

# ashmung

Met with President Lincoln at the Executive Mansion on the evening of April 14, 1865, shortly before he departed for Ford’s Theater

 

ASTOR, JOHN JACOB (1763-1848) German-Born American Merchant, Fur Trader & Investor

# astorjohnjacob
 

ASTRONAUTS

# astronauts
 

ASTRONAUTS - APOLLO 11

# apollo11
 

ASTRONAUTS - APOLLO 13

# apollo13
 

ASTRONAUTS - APOLLO 9

# apollo9
 

ASTRONAUTS - MERCURY

# astronautsmercury
 

ATCHISON, DAVID RICE (1807-1886) U.S. President – March 4, 1849 - as President-elect Zachary Taylor refused to be sworn-in on a Sunday; U.S. Senator – Missouri – 1843-55; Confederate State Militia Officer

# atchisondr
 

ATKINS, JOHN DeWITT CLINTON (1825-1908) Confederate Congressman – Tennessee – 1862-65; U.S. Representative – Tennessee – 1857-59 & 1873-83; U.S. Commissioner of Indian Affairs – 1885-88

# atkinsjohndewittclinton
 

ATKINSON, ARCHIBALD (1792-1872) Served in the War of 1812; U.S. Congressman – Virginia – 1843-49

# atkinsona
 

AUDEN, WYNSTAN HUGH (1907-73) British-American Poet

# audenwynstanhugh
 

AUDUBON, JOHN JAMES (1785-1851) Haitian-Born American Ornithologist, Naturalist & Painter; Published the “Birds of America,” 1827-38

# audubonjohnjames
 

AUGUSTUS II (1670-1733) King of Poland - 1697-1706 & 1709-33

# augustusII
 

AUGUSTUS III (1696-1763) King of Poland - 1733-63

# augustusIII
 

AUSTEN, JANE (1775-1817) English Novelist; Author of “Sense and Sensibility,” “Pride and Prejudice,” and “Emma”

# austenjane
 

AUSTIN, HENRY SEYMOUR (1811-91) Prominent Attorney in Peoria and Chicago, Illinois; Agent for the Des Moines Land Company in the 1830s, instrumental in establishing the towns of Montrose and Keokuk, Iowa

# austinhenryseymour
 

AUSTIN, STEPHEN F. (1793-1836) Leader in the Texas Revolution; Texas Secretary of State – 1836

# austinsf
 

AVERELL, ALBERT JAMES (1823-96) Steamboat Captain in California during the Gold Rush; Prominent Land Speculator in Chicago, Illinois

# averellalbertjames
 

AVERETT, THOMAS H. (1800-55) Served as a Drummer Boy in the War of 1812; U.S. Congressman – Virginia – 1849-53

# averettth
 

AXTELL, SAMUEL BEACH (1819-91) U.S. Congressman – California – 1867-71; Governor of the New Mexico Territory – 1875-78

# axtellsb
 

AYER, BENJAMIN FRANKLIN (1825-1903) Prominent Attorney & Chicago, Illinois Corporation Counsel – 1861-65; Burial in Graceland Cemetery, Chicago, Illinois

# ayerbenjaminfranklin
 

AYER, LEWIS MALONE, JR. (1821-95) Confederate Congressman – South Carolina – 1862-65

# ayerlewismalonejr
 

AYRES, ROMEYN B. (1825-88) Union Brigadier General – New York

# ayresrb
 

BABBITT, EDWIN B. (1804-81) Union Brevet Brigadier General; Chief Quartermaster – Department of the Pacific

# babbitteb
 

BABCOCK, LEANDER (1811-64) U.S. Congressman – New York – 1851-53; Mayor of Oswego, New York – 1850-51

# babcockl
 

BABCOCK, ORVILLE E. (1835-1884) Union Brevet Brigadier General, during the American Civil War; Personal Secretary to President Ulysses S. Grant – 1869-76

# babcocko
 

BACH, CARL PHILIPP EMANUEL (1714-88) German Musician & Composer; Son of Johann Sebastian Bach and Maria Barbara Bach

# bachcpe
 

BACH, JOHANN SEBASTIAN (1685-1750) German Composer & Musician

# bachjs
 

BACHE, ALEXANDER D. (1806-67) First President – National Academy of Sciences – 1863-67; Superintendent of the U.S. Coast Survey – 1843-67; A Founder of the Smithsonian Institution; Great-Grandson of Benjamin Franklin

# bachead
 

BACON, THOMAS GLASCOCK (1812-76) Confederate Colonel – 7th South Carolina Infantry

# baconthomasglascock
 

BADEAU, ADAM (1831-95) Union Brevet Brigadier General – New York; Served as Staff Officer to General Ulysses S. Grant during the American Civil War, later as Private Secretary to President Grant

# badeaua
 

BADEN-POWELL, ROBERT (1857-1941) Lieutenant General in the British Army; Veteran of the Boer War; Founder of the Boy Scouts

# badenpowellrobert
 

BADER, DOUGLAS (1910-82) British Officer in the Royal Air Force during World War II

# baderdouglas
 

BAGBY, ARTHUR PENDLETON, JR. (1833-1921) Confederate Major General; Confederate Colonel – 7th Texas Cavalry; Son of Alabama Governor Arthur Pendleton Bagby

# bagbyarthurpendletonjr
 

BAGBY, WILLIAM SLEIGHTON (?-1862) Confederate Private – Company B, 1st Regiment Georgia Infantry; Killed-in-Action at the Battle of Second Manassas – August 30, 1862

# bagbyws
 

BAGLEY, GEORGE AUGUSTUS (1826-1915) U.S. Congressman – New York – 1875-79

# bagleyga
 

BAGLEY, JOHN H., JR. (1832-1902) U.S. Congressman – New York – 1875-77 & 1883-85; Vice President of the Catskill Mountain Railway Company

# bagleyjhjr
 

BAILEY, JAMES EDMUND (1822-85) Confederate Colonel – 49th Tennessee Infantry; U.S. Representative – 1877-81

# baileyjamesedmund
 

BAILEY, JAMES MURRAY (1846-1921) Served in the 8th New York Heavy Artillery – 1863-64, severely wounded at the Battle of Cold Harbor; Prominent Clergyman in Peoria, Illinois after the American Civil War; Buried in San Francisco, California

# baileyjamesmurray
 

BAILEY, JOHN W. (?-?) President of Blackburn College in Carlinville, Illinois – 1867-76

# baileyjohnw
 

BAKER, ALPHEUS (1828-91) Confederate Brigadier General – South Carolina

# bakeralpheus
 

BAKER, EDWARD D. (1811-61) Union Major General of Volunteers, Killed-in-Action at the Battle of Ball’s Bluff - October 21, 1861; Union Colonel – 71st Pennsylvania Infantry

# bakered

Served in the Mexican War; U.S. Congressman – Illinois – 1845-47 & 1849-51; U.S. Senator – Oregon – 1860-61; Close friend of President Abraham Lincoln

 

BAKER, JAMES McNAIR (1821-92) Confederate Senator – Florida – 1862-65

# bakerjamesmcnair
 

BAKER, JOHN H. (1832-1915) U.S. Congressman – Indiana – 1875-81

# bakerjh
 

BAKER, JOSEPHINE (1906-75) American-born French Entertainer, French Resistance Agent, and Civil Rights Activist

# bakerj
 

BAKER, LAFAYETTE C. (1826-68) Union Spy; Provost Marshal & Chief of the National Police/U.S. Secret Service – 1862-63; Union Colonel – First Washington, DC Cavalry

# bakerlafayettec
 

BAKER, LAURENCE SIMMONS (1830-1907) Confederate Brigadier General – North Carolina

# balerlaurencesimmons
 

BAKER, NEWTON D., JR. (1871-1937) U.S. Secretary of War – 1916-21; Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio – 1912-15

# bakernewtondjr
 

BAKER, OSMYN (1800-75) U.S. Congressman – Massachusetts – 1840-45

# bakero
 

BAKER, SAMUEL A. (1874-1933) Governor of Missouri - 1925-29

# bakersamuela
 

BAKER, WILLIAM H. (1827-1911) U.S. Congressman – New York – 1875-79

# bakerwh
 

BALDWIN, ABRAHAM (1754-1807) Signer of the U.S. Constitution; U.S. Senator - Georgia - 1799-1807; U.S. Representative – Georgia – 1789-99

# baldwinabraham
 

BALDWIN, JOHN BROWN (1820-73) Confederate Congressman – Virginia - 1862-65

# baldwinjohnbrown
 

BALDWIN,WILLIAM EDWIN (1827-64) Confederate Brigadier General - Mississippi

# baldwinwilliamedwin
 

BALLIER, JOHN F. (1815-93) Union Brevet Brigadier General; Union Colonel – 21st & 98th Pennsylvania Infantries; Member of the Military Commission which tried Confederate Captain Henry Wirz, Commandant of Andersonville

# ballierjohnf
 

BALLOCH, GEORGE W. (1825-1907) Union Brevet Brigadier General; Lieutenant Colonel – 5th New Hampshire Infantry; Chief Disbursing Officer – Freedmen’s Bureau – 1865-71

# ballochgw
 

BALUZE, ETIENNE (1630-1718) French Scholar & Historiographer, also known as Stephanus Baluzius

# baluzeetienne
 

BANGS, GEORGE H. (circa 1831-1883) Pinkerton Detective During the Civil War; Union Intelligence Officer and Secret Service Agent

# bangsgh
 

BANKS, JOSEPH (1740-1820) English Naturalist & Botanist

# banksjoseph
 

BANKS, NATHANIEL P. (1816-94) Union Major General – Massachusetts; Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives – 1855-57; Governor of Massachusetts – 1858-61; U.S. Representative – Massachusetts – 1853-57, 1865-73, 1875-79, and 1889-91

# banksnathanielp
 

BANNING, HENRY B. (1836-81) Union Brevet Major General; Union Lieutenant Colonel – 125th Ohio Infantry; Union Colonel – 87th, 121st & 195th Ohio Infantries; U.S. Congressman – Ohio – 1873-79

# banninghb
 

BARBER, FRANCIS (1750-83) American Revolutionary War, Colonel in the Continental Army – 3rd New Jersey Regiment

# barberfrancis

Wounded at the Battles of Monmouth and Newton; Killed by a falling tree while on his way to dine with General Washington, February 2, 1783

 

 

BARBOUR, JAMES (1775-1842) U.S. Secretary of War – 1825-28; U.S. Senator – Virginia – 1815-25; U.S. Minister to England – 1828-29; Governor of Virginia – 1812-14

# barbourj
 

BARING-GOULD, SABINE (1834-1924) Anglican Priest & Hymnwriter, best known for composing “Onward, Christian Soldiers”

# baringgouldsabine
 

BARKHORN, GERHARD (1919-83) German Officer in the Luftwaffe during World War II

# barkhorngerhard
 

BARKSDALE, ETHELBERT (1824-93) Confederate Congressman – 1861-65; U.S. Representative – Mississippi – 1883-87

# barksdaleethelbert
 

BARKSDALE, WILLIAM (1821-63) Confederate Brigadier General – Mississippi; Mortally wounded at the Battle of Gettysburg – July 3, 1863; U.S. Representative – Mississippi – 1853-61

# barksdalewilliam
 

BARLOW, FRANCIS C. (1834-96) Union Major General - New York

# barloowfrancisc
 

BARNARD, DANIEL D. (1797-1861) U.S. Congressman – New York – 1839-45; U.S. Minister to Prussia – 1850-53

# barnarddd
 

BARNARD, JOHN G. (1815-82) Union Brigadier General - Massachusetts

# barnardjohng
 

BARNAVE, ANTOINE PIERRE JOSEPH MARIE (1761-93) French Politician & Orator; Executed in Paris during the Reign of Terror, November 29, 1793

# barnaveantoine
 

BARNEY, CHARLES D. (1844-1945) American Stockbroker; Founder of Charles D. Barney & Company, a predecessor of Smith Barney

# barneycharlesd
 

BARNUM, PHINEAS T. (1810-91) American Showman & Businessman; Founder of Barnum & Bailey Circus; Mayor of Bridgeport, Connecticut – 1875-76

# barnumphineast
 

BARR, THOMAS J. (1812-81) U.S. Congressman – New York – 1859-61; New York City Police Commissioner – 1870-73

# barrtj
 

BARRET, JOHN R. (1825-1903) U.S. Congressman – Missouri – 1859-61

# barretjr
 

BARRIE, JAMES MATTHEW (1860-1937) Scottish Novelist and Playwright; Creator of Peter Pan

# barriejamesmatthew
 

BARRINGER, DANIEL M. (1806-73) U.S. Congressman – North Carolina – 1843-49; Member of the Committee on Indian Affairs – 1847-49; Delegate to the 1861 Peace Convention

# barringerdanielm
 

BARRINGTON, WILLIAM (1717-93) British Politician; Chancellor of the Exchequer - 1761-62; Member of Parliament – 1740-78

# barringtonwilliam
 

BARRON, JAMES (1768-1851) Commodore in the United States Navy; Served in the Quasi-War and the Barbary Wars

# barronjames
 

BARROW, CLYDE (1909-34) American Bank Robber & Criminal, partner of Bonnie Parker

# barrowclyde
 

BARRY, HENRY W. (1840-75) Union Brevet Major General; Union Colonel – 8th U.S. Colored Heavy Artillery; U.S. Congressman – Mississippi – 1870-75

# barryhenryw
 

BARRY, MARIE JEANNE, MADAME DU (1743-93) Official Mistress of Louis XV of France; Executed in Paris during the Reign of Terror

# barrymariejeanne
 

BARRY, WILLIAM T. (1784-1835) U.S. Postmaster General – 1829-35; U.S. Senator – Kentucky - 1814-16

# barrywilliamt
 

BARRY, WILLIAM TAYLOR SULLIVAN (1821-68) Confederate Colonel – 35th Mississippi Infantry; Confederate Congressman – Mississippi – 1861-62; U.S. Representative – Mississippi – 1853-55

# barrywilliamtaylorsullivan
 

BART, JEAN (1650-1702) French Naval Commander & Privateer

# bartjean
 

BARTLETT, JOSEPH J. (1834-93) Union Brigadier General - New York

# bartlettjosephj
 

BARTLETT, JOSIAH (1729-95) Signer of the Declaration of Independence & The Articles of Confederation; First Governor of New Hampshire - 1790-94

# bartlettjosiah
 

BARTLETT, THOMAS, JR. (1808–1876) U.S. Congressman - Vermont - 1851-53

# bartletttjr
 

BARTLETT, WILLIAM F. (1830-76) Union Brigadier General – Massachusetts

# bartlettwilliamf
 

BARTOK, BELA (1881-1945) Hungarian Composer & Pianist

# bartokbela
 

BARTON, CLARA (1821-1912) American Civil War Nurse; Founder of the Red Cross

# bartonc
 

BARTON, SETH MAXWELL (1829-1900) Confederate Brigadier General

# bartonsethmaxwell
 

BARTOW, FRANCIS STEBBINS (1816-61) Confederate Brigadier General of Georgia Militia; Killed-in-Action at the Battle of First Manassas – July 21, 1861

# bartowfrancisstebbins
 

BATE, WILLIAM BRIMAGE (1826-1905) Confederate Major General; Governor of Tennessee – 1883-87; U.S. Senator – Tennessee – 1887-1905

# batewilliambrimage
 

BATES, EDWARD (1793-1869) U.S. Attorney General – 1861-64; U.S. Congressman – Missouri - 1827-29

# batesedward
 

BATES, JOHN COALTER (1842-1919) U.S. Major General – Spanish-American War; Union Captain & Brevet Major for service in the fall of Richmond

# batesjohncoalter
 

BATISTA, FULGENCIO (1901-73) President of Cuba - 1940-44; Cuban Dictator - 1952-59, overthrown by Fidel Castro in the Cuban Revolution

# batistafulgencio
 

BATSON, FELIX IVES (1819-71) Confederate Congressman – Arkansas – 1862-65

# batsonfelixives
 

BATTLE, CULLEN ANDREWS (1829-1905) Confederate Brigadier General - Alabama

# battlecullenandrews
 

BAUM, L. FRANK (1856-1919) American Author, best known for his Oz Series

# baumlfrank
 

BAYARD, JAMES ASHETON, JR. (1799-1880) U.S. Senator – Delaware – 1851-64 & 1867-69

# bayardjamesashetonjr
 

BAYARD, PIERRE TERRAIL, CHEVALIER de (c. 1476-1524) French Knight at the transition between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance

# bayardpierreterrail
 

BAYLE, PIERRE (1647-1706) French Huguenot Philosopher, Author, and Lexicographer

# baylepierre
 

BAYLOR, JOHN ROBERT (1822-94) Confederate Colonel; First Confederate Governor of Arizona Territory – 1861-62; Confederate Congressman – Texas – 1864-65

# baylorjohnrobert
 

BAYLY, THOMAS H. (1810-56) Brigadier General of Virginia Militia – 1837-42; U.S. Congressman – Virginia – 1844-56

# baylythomash
 

BEACH, JAMES ALFRED (1839-88) Union Captain – 59th Illinois Infantry, heavily engaged at the Battles of Pea Ridge & Perryville; Prominent citizen and banker in Bunker Hill, Illinois after the American Civil War

# beachjamesalfred
 

BEALL, WILLIAM NELSON RECTOR (1825-83) Confederate Brigadier General - Arkansas

# beallwilliamnelsonrector
 

BEARDSLEY, AUBREY (1872-98) English Illustrator and Author

# beardsleyaubrey
 

BEATLES, THE - English Rock Band

# beatles
 

BEAUREGARD, PIERRE GUSTAVE TOUTANT (1818-93) Confederate General - Louisiana

# beauregardpgt
 

BECKWITH, AMOS (1825-94) Union Brevet Major General; Staff Officer to General William Tecumseh Sherman

# beckwithamos
 

BEE, BARNARD ELLIOTT, JR. (1824-61) Confederate Brigadier General - South Carolina; Mortally wounded at the Battle of First Bull Run - July 21, 1861

# beebernardelliottjr
 

BEE, HAMILTON PRIOLEAU (1822-97) Confederate Brigadier General – Texas; Brother of Killed-in-Action Confederate General Barnard Bee; Speaker of the Texas State House of Representatives – 1855-57

# beehamiltonprioleau
 

BEEBE, GAYLORD DeWITT (1835-77) Prominent Physician in Chicago, Illinois; Appointed Brigade Surgeon by President Abraham Lincoln in 1861, served under Generals David Hunter, Henry W. Halleck, and George H. Thomas

# beebegaylorddewitt
 

BEECHER, HENRY WARD (1813-87) American Clergyman & Abolitionist; Brother of Harriet Beecher Stowe, the Author of “Uncle Tom’s Cabin”

# beecherhenryward
 

BEEKMAN, CORNELIA CORTLANDT (1753-1847) Prominent American Revolutionary War Figure; Sister of Continental Army Brigadier General Philip Van Cortlandt

# beekmancorneliacortlandt
 

BEETHOVEN, LUDWIG VAN (1770-1827) German Composer & Pianist

# beethovenlv
 

BELKNAP, WILLIAM W. (1829-90) Union Brigadier General – Iowa; U.S. Secretary of War – 1869-76

# belknapww
 

BELL, ALEXANDER GRAHAM (1847-1922) Scottish-Born Scientist; Inventor of the Telephone

# bellalexandergraham
 

BELL, ALEXANDER MELVILLE (1819-1905) Scottish-Born Teacher & Researcher; Father of Alexander Graham Bell

# bellalexandermelville
 

BELL, HIRAM PARKS (1827-1907) Confederate Colonel – 43rd Georgia Infantry; Confederate Congressman – Georgia – 1864-65; U.S. Representative – Georgia – 1873-75 & 1877-79

# bellhiramparks
 

BELL, JOHN (1797-1869) U.S. Presidential Candidate – 1860 – Constitutional Union Party; U.S. Secretary of War – 1841; U.S. Senator – Tennessee – 1847-59

# belljohn
 

BELL, PETER HANSBOROUGH (1810-98) Confederate Colonel; Governor of Texas – 1849-53; U.S. Representative – Texas – 1853-57

# bellpeterhansborough
 

BELL, TYREE HARRIS (1815-1902) Confederate Brigadier General

# belltyreeharris
 

BELLONTE, MAURICE (1896-1984) French Aviation Pioneer

# bellontemaurice
 

BEN-GURION, DAVID (1886-1973) Principal Founder & Frist Prime Minister of Israel - 1948-63

# benguriondavid
 

BENEDICT XIV (1675-1758) Italian-born Pope – 1740-58

# benedictXIV
 

BENJAMIN, JUDAH PHILIP (1811-84) Confederate Attorney General, Secretary of War & Secretary of State; U.S. Senator – Louisiana – 1853-61

# benjaminjudahphilip
 

BENJAMIN, MARY A. (1905-98) American Dealer in Autographs & Manuscripts

# benjaminma
 

BENJAMIN, SAMUEL NICHOLL (1839-86) U.S. Army Officer; Awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for Distinguished Service during the American Civil War

# benjaminsamuelnicholl
 

BENJAMIN, WALTER R. (1854-1943) American Rare Book & Autograph Dealer

# benjaminwr
 

BENNING, HENRY LEWIS (1814-75) Confederate Brigadier General - Georgia

# benninghenrylewis
 

BENSLEY, JOHN RUSSELL (1833-1900) Prominent Resident of Chicago, Illinois

# bensleyjr
 

BENTON, CHARLES S. (1810-82) U.S. Congressman – New York – 1843-47; Register of the U.S. Land Office at La Crosse, Wisconsin – 1856-61

# bentoncs
 

BENTON, JACOB (1814-92) U.S. Congressman - New Hampshire - 1867-71

# bentonj
 

BERIA, LAVRENTY PAVLOVICH (1899-1953) Russian Politician; Head of the NKVD under Stalin

# berialavrentypavlovich
 

BERLIN, IRVING (1888-1989) Russian-born American Composer & Songwriter

# berlinirving
 

BERLINER, EMILE (1851-1929) German-American Inventor

# berlineremile
 

BERNARD, FRANCIS (1714-79) English Governor of the Massachusetts Colony - 1760-69

# bernardfrancis
 

BERNARD, THOMAS (1750-1818) English Social Reformer & Advocate for the Poor & Needy; Son of Sir Francis Bernard, British Colonial Governor of the Provinces of New Jersey & Massachusetts Bay

# bernardthomas
 

BERNHARDT, SARAH (1844-1923) French Stage Actress

# bernhardtsarah
 

BERRIAN, JAMES M. (1781-1856) U.S. Attorney General – 1829-31; U.S. Senator – Georgia – 1825-29 & 1845-52; Captain of the Georgia Hussars – War of 1812

# berrianjm
 

BERRY, HIRAM G. (1824-63) Union Major General – Maine; Killed-in-Action at the Battle of Chancellorsville – May 3, 1863

# berryhiramg
 

BIDDLE, NICHOLAS (1786-1844) American Banker & Financier; President of the Second Bank of the United States – 1822-39

# biddlenicholas
 

BIERCE, AMBROSE G. (1842-1914?) Union Lieutenant – Indiana; American Author

# bierceambroseg
 

BIERSTADT, ALBERT (1830-1902) German-American Painter

# bierstadtalbert
 

BIGLER, WILLIAM (1814-80) Governor of Pennsylvania – 1852-55; U.S. Senator – Pennsylvania – 1856-61; President of the Philadelphia & Erie Railroad

# biglerw
 

BINGHAM, JUDSON D. (1831-1909) Union Brevet Brigadier General; Union Colonel & Chief Quartermaster – Army of the Tennessee

# binghamjudsond
 

BINGHAM, KINSLEY S. (1808-61) Governor of Michigan – 1855-59; U.S. Senator – Michigan – 1859-61

# binghamks
 

BINGHAM, WILLIAM (1752-1804) Member of the Continental Congress; U.S. Senator – Pennsylvania - 1795-1801; Founder of the Bank of North America; President of the Philadelphia & Lancaster Turnpike Company

# binghamwilliam
 

BIRAGUE, RENE DE (1506-83) Italian-born French Cardinal and Chancellor

# biraguerenede
 

BIZET, GEORGES (1838-75) French Composer

# bizetg
 

BLACK, JAMES (1793-1872) U.S. Congressman – Pennsylvania – 1843-47

# blackj
 

BLACK, JAMES A. (1793-1848) U.S. Army Lieutenant in the War of 1812; U.S. Congressman – South Carolina – 1843-48

# blackja
 

BLACK, JEREMIAH S. (1810-83) U.S. Attorney General - 1857-60; U.S. Secretary of State - 1860-61

# blackjs
 

BLACKBURN, JOSEPH CLAY STILES (1838-1918) Governor of the U.S. Panama Canal Zone - 1907-09; U.S. Senator – Kentucky; Confederate Lieutenant Colonel during the American Civil War

# blackburnjcs
 

BLACKWELL, ALICE STONE (1857-1950) American Feminist, Journalist & Human Rights Advocate

# blackwellalicestone

 

 

 

BLAINE, JAMES G. (1830-93) U.S. Secretary of State - 1881 & 1889-92; U.S. Congressman – Maine – 1863-76; U.S. Senator – Maine – 1876-81; U.S. Presidential Candidate – 1884

# blainejamesg
 

BLAIR, AUSTIN (1818-94) Governor of Michigan - 1861-65; U.S. Representative - Michigan - 1867-73

# blairaustin
 

BLAIR, CHAUNCEY BUCKLEY (1810-91) President of the Merchants’ National Bank of Chicago, Illinois

# blairchaunceybuckley
 

BLAIR, FRANCIS PRESTON, JR. (1821-75) Union Major General – Missouri; U.S. Congressman – Missouri – 1857-62; U.S. Senator – Missouri – 1871-73; Democratic Candidate for Vice President - 1868

# blairfrancisprestonjr
 

BLAIR, HENRY WILLIAM (1834-1920) Union Lieutenant Colonel – 15th New Hampshire Infantry; U.S. Senator – New Hampshire – 1879-91; U.S. Representative – 1875-79 & 1893-95

# blairhenrywilliam
 

BLAIR, MONTGOMERY (1813-83) U.S. Postmaster General - 1861-64; Brother of Francis P. Blair, Jr.; Mayor of St. Louis – 1842-43; Counsel for Dred Scott before the U.S. Supreme Court

# blairmontgomery
 

BLAIR, WILLIAM (1818-99) Prominent Merchant in Chicago, Illinois; Director of the Merchants Bank of Chicago and the Chicago Gas and Coke Company

# blairwilliam
 

BLAKE, E. NELSON (1831-?) Prominent Merchant in Chicago, Illinois; Co-Owner of the Dake Bakery; Member of the University of Chicago Board of Trustees

# blakeenelson
 

BLANCHARD, ALBERT GALLATIN (1810-91) Confederate Brigadier General

# blanchardalbertgallatin
 

BLANDING, JAMES DOUGLAS (1821-1906) Confederate Colonel – 9th South Carolina Infantry

# blandingjamesdouglas
 

BLANEY, JAMES VAN ZANT (1820-1874) Union Surgeon & Brevet Lieutenant Colonel, during the American Civil War; Served on the staff of General Philip H. Sheridan at the Battle of Winchester; Noted physician in Chicago, Illinois

# blaneyjamesvanzant
 

BLATCHFORD, SAMUEL M. (1820-93) U.S. Supreme Court Associate Justice – 1882-93

# blatchfordsamuelm
 

BLENKER, LOUIS (1812-63) Union Brigadier General – New York

# blenkerlouis
 

BLIGH, WILLIAM (1754-1817) British Navy Officer; Commander of the HMS Bounty, mutinied in 1789; Governor of New South Wales – 1806-08

# blighw
 

BLISS, ARCHIBALD M. (1838-1923) U.S. Congressman – New York – 1875-83 & 1885-89; President & Vice President of the Bushwick Railroad Company – 1868-78; Director of the New York & Long Island Bridge Company

# blissarchibaldm
 

BLISS, ZENAS R. (1835-1900) Union Colonel – 7th & 10th Rhode Island Infantry; Medal of Honor Recipient for the Battle of Fredericksburg

# blisszenasr
 

BLOMBERG, WERNER VON (1878-1946) Minister of War & Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces in Nazi Germany – 1935-38

# blombergwernervon
 

BLOUNT, WILLIAM (1749-1800) Signer of the U.S. Constitution; Governor of the Southwest Territory – 1790-96; U.S. Senator – Tennessee – 1796-97

# blountwilliam
 

BLOUNT, WILLIE (1768-1835) Governor of Tennessee – 1809-15

# blountwillie
 

BLOXHAM, WILLIAM DUNNINGTON (1835-1911) Governor of Florida - 1881-85 & 1897-1901

# bloxhamwulliamdunnington
 

BLUMENTHAL, WERNER MICHAEL (1926- ) U.S. Treasury Secretary - 1977-79

# blumenthalwernermichael
 

BLUNT, ASA P. (1826-89) Union Brevet Brigadier General; Union Lieutenant Colonel – 6th Vermont Infantry; Union Colonel – 12th Vermont Infantry

# bluntasap
 

BOAS, NORMAN F (1923-2016) American Author, Autograph Dealer, and Lincoln Scholar

# boasnormanf
 

BOCCAGE, ANNE-MARIE DU (1710-1802) French Writer & Playwright.

# boccageannemarie
 

BOCCHERINI, LUIGI (1743-1805) Italian-born Spanish Composer

# boccheriniluigi
 

BOCOCK, THOMAS S. (1815-91) Speaker of the Confederate House of Representatives – 1862-65; U.S. Congressman – Virginia – 1847-61

# bocockthomass
 

BOEING, WILLIAM EDWARD (1881-1956) American Aviation Pioneer

# boeingwilliamedward
 

BOERHAAVE, HERMAN (1668-1738) Dutch Botanist & Chemist,

# boerhaaveherman
 

BOGGS, WILLIAM ROBERTSON (1829-1911) Confederate Brigadier General - Georgia

# boggswilliamrobertson
 

BOIES, HENRY MORRIS (1818-80) Prominent Merchant & Banker in Chicago, Illinois; Michigan State Senator

# boieshenrymorris
 

BOILEAU-DESPREAUX, NICOLAS (1636-1711) French Poet & Critic

# boileaudespreauxnicolas
 

BOMFORD, JAMES V. (1812-92) Union Brevet Brigadier General; Union Colonel – 8th U.S. Infantry; Staff Officer to General Alexander M. McCook

# bomfordjamesv
 

BONAPARTE, CHARLES J. (1851-1921) U.S. Navy Secretary – 1905-06; U.S. Attorney General – 1906-09; Grandnephew of Napoleon Bonaparte

# bonapartecharlesj
 

BONAPARTE, NAPOLEON / NAPOLEON I (1769-1821) French Military Leader; Emperor of France – 1804-14 & 1815

# bpapartenapoleon
 

BOND, LESTER LEGRANT (1829-1903) Mayor of Chicago, Illinois – 1873; Illinois State Congressman – 1866-70; Prominent Attorney in Chicago, Illinois

# bondlesterlegrant
 

BONHAM, MILLEDGE LUKE (1813-90) Confederate Brigadier General; U.S. Representative - South Carolina – 1857-60; Confederate Representative – 1862; Governor of South Carolina -1862-64

# bonhammilledgeluke
 

BONNARD, PIERRE (1867-1947) French Painter & Illustrator

# bonnardpierre
 

BONSALL, SPENCER (1816-88) Union Hospital Steward – 81st Pennsylvania Infantry; Saw action during the Peninsula Campaign and at Fredericksburg and Gettysburg, where he was seriously injured.

# bonsallspencer
 

BOONE, DANIEL (1734-1820) American Pioneer, Frontiersman & Folk Hero - famous for the exploration and settlement of Kentucky

# boonedaniel
 

BOOTH, EDWIN (1833-93) American Shakespearean Actor; Older brother of John Wilkes Booth, who assassinated President Abraham Lincoln on April 14, 1865

# boothe
 

BOOTH, JOHN WILKES (1838-65) American Stage Actor; Assassinated President Abraham Lincoln on April 14, 1865

# boothjw
 

BORGLUM, GUTZON (1871-1941) American Artist & Sculptor, known for sculpting Mount Rushmore

# borglumgutzon
 

BORLAND, SOLON (1811-64) Confederate Brigadier General of Arkansas Militia; U.S. Senator – Arkansas – 1848-53

# borlandsolon
 

BORMANN, MARTIN (1900-45) Nazi Party Official; Private Secretary to Adolf Hitler

# bormannmartin
 

BOTELER, ALEXANDER R. (1815-92) Confederate Congressman - Virginia; Confederate Colonel & Aide-de-camp on the Staff of Stonewall Jackson; U.S. Representative – Virginia - 1859-61

# botelerar
 

BOTHA, PIETR WILLEM (1916-2006) Prime Minister of South Africa – 1978-84; President of South Africa – 1984-89

# bothapw
 

BOUCHARDON, EDME (1698-1762) French Sculptor

# bouchardone
 

BOUCHER, FRANCOIS (1703-70) French Painter

# boucherf
 

BOUDINOT, ELIAS (1740-1821) President of the Continental Congress – 1782-83; U.S. Congressman – New Jersey – 1789-95

# boudinotelias
 

BOUDINOT, ELIAS CORNELIUS (1835-90) Confederate Officer – First Cherokee Cavalry; Confederate Congressman – Cherokee Nation – 1862-65; First Native American lawyer permitted to practice before the U.S. Supreme Court

# boudinoteliascornelius
 

BOUTON, EDWARD (1834-1921) Union Brevet Brigadier General; Union Colonel – 59th U.S. Colored Infantry

# boutonedward
 

BOWEN, JOHN STEVENS (1830-63) Confederate Major General – Missouri

# bowenjohnstevens
 

BOWLLY, ALBERT A. (1898-1941) Mozambican-born South African/British Vocalist and Jazz Guitarist

# bowllyaa
 

BOYCE, WILLIAM WATERS (1818-90) Confederate Congressman – South Carolina – 1861-62; U.S. Representative – South Carolina - 1853-60

# boycewilliamwaters
 

BOYD, ISABELLA MARIA “BELLE” (1844-1900) Confederate Spy during the American Civil War

# boydbelle
 

BOYD, JOHN H. (1799-1868) U.S. Congressman – New York – 1857-59

# boydjh
 

BOYD, LINN (1800-59) Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives – 1851-55; U.S. Congressman – Kentucky – 1835-37 & 1839-55

# boydl
 

BOYINGTON, WILLIAM W. (1818-98) Prominent Architect in Chicago, Illinois; Mayor of Highland Park, Illinois

# boyingtonwilliamw

Designed dozens of buildings, large and small, in Chicago and across the Midwest, including the cities of Des Moines, Iowa; Milwaukee, Wisconsin; and Joliet, Peoria, and Springfield, Illinois, along with the fire-proof jail in Pike County, Pittsfield, Illinois 

 

 

BOYKIN, EDWARD MORTIMER (1820-91) Confederate Major – 7th South Carolina Cavalry; Post-war U.S. Marshal

# boykinedwardmortimer
 

BRADFORD, TAUL (1835-85) Confederate Lieutenant Colonel – 10th Alabama Infantry; U.S. Representative – Alabama – 1875-77

# bradfordtaul
 

BRADFORD, WILLIAM (1590-1657) English Puritan; A founder of Plymouth Colony, for which he served several terms as Governor – 1621-57

# bradfordw
 

BRADLEY, BENJAMIN FRANKLIN (1825-97) Confederate Officer – First Battalion Kentucky Cavalry; Confederate Congressman – Kentucky – 1864-65

# bradleybenjaminfranklin
 

BRADLEY, DAVID (1811-99) Early Settler & Manufacturer of Agricultural Implements in Chicago, Illinois; Designed and manufactured a steel moldboard plow, “The Garden City Clipper,” in the 1830s

# bradleydavid
 

BRADLEY, OMAR N. (1893-1981) U.S. Army General; Served in World War II and became the first Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

# bradleyomarn
 

BRADLEY, THOMAS W. (1844-1920) Union Captain – 124th New York Infantry, the “Orange Blossoms” Regiment; Wounded at the Civil War Battles of Gettysburg, Wilderness, and Boydton Plank Road

# bradleythomasw
 

BRADSBY, RICHARD (1797-1875) Veteran of the Black Hawk War, served with Abraham Lincoln in the Illinois Militia; Renowned judge in St. Clair County, Illinois

# bradsbyrichard
 

BRADY, THOMAS J. (1839-1904) Union Brevet Brigadier General; Union Colonel – 117th & 140th Indiana Infantries; Staff Officer to General Eugene A. Carr

# bradythomasj
 

BRAGG, BRAXTON (1817-76) Confederate General - Louisiana

# braggbraxton
 

BRAGG, THOMAS (1810-72) Confederate Attorney General – 1861-62; U.S. Senator – North Carolina – 1859-61; Governor of North Carolina – 1855-59; Older brother of Confederate General Braxton Bragg

# braggthomas
 

BRAHE, TYCHO (1546-1601) Danish Astronomer & Writer

# brahet
 

BRAHMS, JOHANNES (1833-97) German Composer, Pianist, and Conductor

# brahmsj
 

BRAINARD, DANIEL (1812-66) Prominent Surgeon in Chicago, Illinois; Founder of Rush Medical College

# brainarddaniel
 

BRANCH, ANTHONY MARTIN (1823-67) Confederate Captain – 21st Texas Cavalry; Confederate Congressman – Texas – 1864-65

# branchanthonymartin
 

BRANCH, LAWRENCE O’BRYAN (1820-62) Confederate Brigadier General; Killed-in-Action at the Battle of Antietam – September 17, 1862; U.S. Representative – North Carolina – 1855-61

# branchlawrenceobryan
 

BRANDON, WILLIAM LINDSAY (1812-90) Confederate Brigadier General – Mississippi

# brandonwilliamlindsay
 

BRANTLEY, WILLIAM FELIX (1830-70) Confederate Brigadier General - Mississippi

# brantleywilliamfelix
 

BRATTON, JOHN (1831-98) Confederate Brigadier General; U.S. Representative – South Carolina – 1884-85

# brattonjohn
 

BRECHT, BERTOLT (1898-1956) German Poet & Playwright

# brechtbertolt
 

BRECKINRIDGE, JOHN C. (1821-75) Confederate Major General – Kentucky; Confederate Secretary of War – 1865; Vice-President of the United States – 1857-61; U.S. Representative – Kentucky – 1851-55; U.S. Senator – Kentucky - 1861

# breckinridgejohnc
 

BRECKINRIDGE, WILLIAM CAMPBELL PRESTON (1837-1904) Confederate Colonel – 9th Kentucky Cavalry; U.S. Representative – Kentucky – 1885-95

# breckinridgewilliamcampbellpreston
 

BREMER, SIR JAMES JOHN GORDON (1786-1850) Rear Admiral in the Royal Navy; Commander-in-Chief of British Naval Forces during the First Anglo-Chinese War – 1839-41; Served in the Napoleonic Wars

# bremersjjg
 

BRENNAN, WILLIAM J., JR. (1906-97) Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court – 1956-90

# brennamwjjr
 

BRENTANO, AUGUST (1828-86) Austrian-Born Newspaper Dealer in New York City

# brentanoa
 

BRENTON, SAMUEL (1810-57) U.S. Congressman – Indiana – 1851-53 & 1855-57

# brentons
 

BRETON, ANDRE (1896-1966) French Writer & Poet

# bretonandre
 

BREVARD, THEODORE WASHINGTON, JR. (1835- 82) Confederate Brigadier General - Florida

# brevardtheodorewashingtonjr
 

BREWER, DAVID J. (1837-1910) U.S. Supreme Associate Court Justice – 1889-1910

# brewerdj
 

BREWER, MARK S. (1837-1901) U.S. Congressman – Michigan – 1877-81 & 1887-91

# brewerms
 

BRICE, BENJAMIN W. (1806-92) Union Brevet Brigadier General; Union Colonel & Paymaster General

# bricebenjaminw
 

BRIDGERS, ROBERT RUFUS (1819-88) Confederate Congressman – North Carolina - 1862-65

# bridgersrobertrufus
 

BRIDGMAN, LAURA D. (1829-89) Blind & Deaf-Mute Celebrity

# bridgmanl
 

BRINKERHOFF, JACOB (1810-80) U.S. Congressman – Ohio – 1843-47

# brinkerhoffj
 

BRISCOE, JAMES C. (1835-69) Union Brevet Brigadier General – Brevetted to Rank for Gallantry in the Assault on Fort Gregg, Virginia; Union Captain – 40th New York Infantry; Union Colonel – 188th & 199th Pennsylvania Infantries

# briscoejc
 

BRISTOW, BENJAMIN HELM (1832-96) U.S. Treasury Secretary – 1874-76; Union Colonel during the American Civil War, wounded at the Battle of Shiloh

# bristowbh
 

BROCK, WILLIAM EMERSON (1872-1950) U.S. Senator - Tennessee - 1929 to 1931

# brockwe
 

BROCKENBROUGH, JOHN WHITE (1806-77) Confederate Congressman – Virginia – 1861-62

# brockenbroughjohnwhite
 

BRODERICK, CASE (1839-1920) U.S. Representative – Kansas – 1891-99; Served in the 2nd Kansas Light Artillery Battery during the American Civil War

# broderickc
 

BRODHEAD, RICHARD (1811-63) U.S. Senator – Pennsylvania – 1851-57; U.S. Representative – Pennsylvania – 1843-49

# brodheadr
 

BROGDEN, CURTIS H. (1816-1901) Governor of North Carolina – 1874-77; U.S. Congressman – North Carolina – 1877-79

# brogdench
 

BROOKE, RUPERT CHAWNER (1877-1915) English Poet

# brookerupertchawner
 

BROOKE, WALKER (1813-69) Confederate Congressman – Mississippi - 1861-62; U.S. Senator – Mississippi – 1852-53

# brookewalker
 

BROOKS, PRESTON S. (1819-57) U.S. Congressman – South Carolina – 1853-57; Severely beat abolitionist Massachusetts Senator Charles Sumner in the Senate Chamber on May 22, 1856

# brooksps
 

BROOKS, WILLIAM S. (1822-92) Prominent Businessman in Joliet, Illinois; President of the Joliet Iron and Steel Rolling Mills; Elected to the Illinois State House of Representatives in 1870, and the Illinois State Senate, 1872

# brooksws
 

BROSS, WILLIAM J. (1813-90) Lieutenant Governor of Illinois – 1865-69; Early Republican Party supporter, campaigned for John C. Fremont in 1856 and Abraham Lincoln in 1860; Helped raise the 29th U.S. Colored Infantry during the American Civil War

# brosswilliamj
 

BROWN, ALBERT GALLATIN (1813-80) Confederate Congressman – 1862-65; Governor of Mississippi – 1844-48; U.S. Senator – Mississippi – 1854-61

# brownalbertgallatin
 

BROWN, GEORGE WASHINGTON (1815-95) Notable Inventor & Manufacturer in Galesburg, Illinois; Invented the “Brown Corn Planter” in 1851

# browngeorgewashington
 

BROWN, IRA (1835-1921) Successful Merchant in Chicago, Illinois; Invested in large tracts of land in the suburbs of Chicago and San Diego, California

# brownira
 

BROWN, JOHN (1800-59) American Abolitionist; Seized the U.S. Arsenal in Harpers Ferry, Virginia, October 1859, and was hanged in Charlestown on December 2, 1859

# brownjohn
 

BROWN, JOHN CALVIN (1827-89) Confederate Major General – Tennessee; Governor of Tennessee 1871-75

# brownjohncalvin
 

BROWNE, THOMAS M. (1829-81) Union Brevet Brigadier General; Union Colonel – 7th Indiana Cavalry; U.S. Congressman – Indiana – 1877-91

# brownethomasm
 

BROWNE, WILLIAM MONTAGUE (1823-83) Confederate Brigadier General; Confederate Secretary of State ad interim, February 17 - March 18, 1862

# brownewilliammontague
 

BRUCE, BLANCHE K. (1841-1898) First Full-Term Black U.S. Senator - Mississippi – 1875-81; Appointed Register of the U.S. Treasury - 1881

# brucebk

Signatures, as U.S. Senator from Mississippi.

 

BRUCE, ELI METCALFE (1828-66) Confederate Congressman – Kentucky – 1862-65

# bruceelimetcalfe
 

BRUCE, NIGEL (1895-1953) English Actor

# brucenigel
 

BRUSH, DANIEL H. (1813-90) Union Brevet Brigadier General; Union Colonel – 18th Illinois Infantry

# brushdanielh
 

BRUSTER, OBEDIAH FINLEY (1824-99) Confederate Officer during the American Civil War

# brusterof
 

BRYAN, GOODE (1811-85) Confederate Brigadier General

# bryangoode
 

BRYAN, SILAS LILLARD (1822-80) Prominent Attorney & Judge in Salem, Illinois; Illinois State Senator – 1853-59; Father of William Jennings Bryan

# bryansilaslillard
 

BUCHANAN, FRANKLIN (1800-74) Confederate Admiral; Served in the U.S. Navy – 1815-61

# buchananfranklin
 

BUCHANAN, JAMES (1791-1868) Fifteenth U.S. President - 1857-61; U.S. Secretary of State – 1845-49; U.S. Senator – Pennsylvania – 1834-45; U.S. Representative – Pennsylvania – 1821-31

# buchananjames
 

BUCK, HORATIO BARDWELL (1832-?) Union Assistant Surgeon, served in the Army of the Potomac from Chancellorsville and Gettysburg through the Mine Run Campaign; Physician in Springfield, Illinois after the Civil War

# buckhoratiobardwell
 

BUCKINGHAM, WILLIAM A. (1804-75) Governor of Connecticut – 1858-66; U.S. Senator – Connecticut – 1869-75

# buckinghamwilliama
 

BUCKNER, SIMON BOLIVAR (1823-1914) Confederate Lieutenant General – Kentucky

# bucknersimonbolivar
 

BUEHLER, JOHN (1831-1903) German-Born Brewer, Merchant, Banker, and Insurance Executive in Chicago, Illinois; Elected to the Illinois State Senate – 1874; Director of the Huck’s Brewing Company – 1864-71

# buehlerjohn
 

BUELL, DON CARLOS (1818-98) Union Major General - Ohio

# buelldoncarlos
 

BUFORD, ABRAHAM, II (1820-84) Confederate Brigadier General - Kentucky

# bufordabrahamII
 

BUFORD, JOHN (1826-63) Union Major General – Kentucky

# bufordjohn
 

BULLOCK, ROBERT (1828-1905) Confederate Brigadier General – Florida; U.S. Representative – Florida – 1889-93

# bullockrobert
 

BULLOCK, SETH (1849-1919) Member of the Montana Territorial Senate – 1871-72; Sheriff of Lewis and Clark County, Montana Territory – 1873

# bullocks

Moved to Deadwood, Dakota Territory, where he opened a hardware business with Sol Star in 1876, soon becoming the town sheriff; Portrayed by Timothy Oliphant in the HBO television series, “Deadwood”; Served as Captain of a Volunteer Cavalry Regiment during the Spanish-American War; Appointed U.S. Marshal for South Dakota by President Theodore Roosevelt, a longtime friend – 1909

 

BURLESON, ALBERT S. (1863-1937) U.S. Postmaster General – 1913-21; U.S. Representative – Texas – 1899-1913

# burlesonalberts
 

BURNETT, HENRY CORNELIUS (1825-66) Confederate Colonel – 8th Kentucky Infantry; Confederate Senator – Kentucky – 1862-65; U.S. Representative – Kentucky - 1855-61

# burnetthenrycornelius
 

BURNHAM, JOHN (1816-98) Notable Citizen of Batavia, Illinois; Conceived & produced the self-regulating windmill, principle in the United States Wind Engine & Pump Company; Later moved to California, and is buried in Santa Ana, Orange County

# burnhamjohn
 

BURNS, JOHN L. (1793-1872) Civilian resident who fought with the Union Army at the Battle of Gettysburg; Veteran of the War of 1812

# burnsjohnl
 

BURNSIDE, AMBROSE E. (1824-81) Union Major General - Rhode Island; Governor of Rhode Island – 1866-69; U.S. Senator – Rhode Island – 1875-81

# burnsideambrosee
 

BURR, AARON (1756-1836) U.S. Vice President – 1801-05; U.S. Senator – New York – 1791-97; Officer in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War; Killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel on July 11, 1804

# burra
 

BURR, THEODOSIA (1783-1813) American Socialite; Daughter of Aaron Burr; Wife of Joseph Alston, Governor of South C arolina

# burrt
 

BURROUGHS, EDGAR RICE (1875-1950) American Writer

# burroughsedgarrice
 

BUSCH, VALENTINE (1824-72) German-Born American Brewer; Principal in Valentin Busch Brewery, 1851-58, and Busch & Michael Brand Brewery, 1858-73, in Chicago, Illinois

# buschvalentine
 

BUSHNELL, DAVID (1740-1824/26) American Medical Doctor; Inventor of the Submarine

# bushnelldavid
 

BUTLER, BENJAMIN F. (1818-93) Union Major General – Massachusetts; U.S. Congressman – Massachusetts – 1867-75 & 1877-79; U.S. Presidential Candidate – Greenback Party - 1884

# butlerbenjaminf
 

BUTLER, CHESTER PIERCE (1798-1850) U.S. Congressman – Pennsylvania – 1847-50

# butlercp
 

BUTLER, MATTHEW CALBRAITH (1836-1909) Confederate Major General – South Carolina; U.S. Senator – South Carolina – 1877-95; Major General in the U.S. Army – 1898-99

# butlermatthewcalbraith
 

BUTTRICK, JOHN (1731-91) Major of Concord Militia during the Battle of Concord, April 19, 1775

# buttrickjohn
 

BUXTON, HARVEY PARRIS (1834-?) Served in the 15th Illinois Cavalry & 30th Illinois Infantry during the American Civil War; Prominent attorney in Carlyle & Belleville, Illinois

# buxtonharveyparris
 

BYFORD, WILLIAM HEATH (1817-90) Prominent Physician in Chicago, Illinois; Professor at Rush Medical College & Chicago Medical College; Founded Woman’s Medical College of Chicago in 1879

# byfordwilliamheath
 

BYRD, RICHARD E. (1888-1957) American Aviator & Polar Explorer; Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient; U.S. Navy Rear Admiral

# byrdricharde
 

CABELL, GEORGE CRAIGHEAD (1836-1906) Confederate Lieutenant Colonel – 18th Virginia Infantry; U.S. Congressman – Virginia - 1875-87

# cabellgeorgecraighead
 

CABELL, WILLIAM LEWIS (1827-1911) Confederate Brigadier General; Mayor of Dallas, Texas – 1874-79 & 1883-85

# cabellwilliamlewis
 

CABLE, HERMON W. - Founder of the Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Company

# cablehermonw
 

CALDWELL, JOHN HENRY (1826-1902) Confederate Lieutenant Colonel – 10th Alabama Infantry; U.S. Representative - Alabama – 1873-77

# caldwelljohnhenry
 

CALHOUN, JOHN C. (1782-1850) U.S. Vice President - 1825-32; U.S. Secretary of War - 1817-25; U.S. Secretary of State - 1844-45; U.S. Representative – South Carolina – 1811-17; U.S. Senator – South Carolina – 1845-50

# calhounjohnc
 

CALL, RICHARD K. (1792-1862) Florida Territorial Governor – 1835-40 & 1841-44; Aide to General Andrew Jackson at the Battle of New Orleans; Brigadier General of West Florida Militia; U.S. Representative – 1823-25

# callrichardk
 

CALL, WILKINSON (1834-1910) U.S. Senator – Florida – 1879-97; Nephew of Richard Call, Florida Territorial Governor – 1836-39 & 1841-44; Served in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War

# callwilkinson
 

CALLAHAN, SAMUEL BENTON (1833-1911) Confederate Soldier in the First Creek Mounted Volunteers; Confederate Congressman – Creek & Seminole Nations – 1864-65

# callahansamuelbenton
 

CALLENDER, FRANKLIN D. (1817-82) Union Brevet Brigadier General; Commander of the St. Louis Arsenal; Chief of Ordnance – Department of the Missouri

# callenderfranklind
 

CAMERON, ANGUS (1826-97) U.S. Senator – Wisconsin – 1875-85

# cameronangus
 

CAMERON, JAMES DONALD (1833-1918) U.S. Secretary of War - 1876-77; U.S. Senator - Pennsylvania - 1877-97

# cameronjamesdonald
 

CAMERON, SIMON (1799-1889) U.S. Secretary of War – 1861-62, during the American Civil War; U.S. Senator – Pennsylvania – 1845-49, 1857-61 & 1867-77

# cameronsimon

.

 

CAMPAN, HENRIETTE GENET (1752-1822) French Educator & Writer; Lady’s Maid in the service of Marie Antoinette before and during the French Revolution; Appointed headmistress of the first "Maison d'ιducation de la Lιgion d'honneur" by Napoleon in 1807

# campanhg
 

CAMPBELL, ALEXANDER WILLIAM (1828-93) Confederate Brigadier General – Tennessee; Elected Mayor of Jackson, Tennessee - 1856

# campbellalexanderwilliam
 

CAMPBELL, JAMES (1812-93) U.S. Postmaster General – 1853-57; Attorney General of the State of Pennsylvania – 1852-53

# campbellj
 

CAMPBELL, JOHN (?-1845) U.S. Congressman – South Carolina – 1829-31 & 1837-45

# campbellj
 

CAMPBELL, JOHN ARCHIBALD (1811-89) Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court – 1853-61; Confederate Assistant Secretary of War – 1862-65

# campbellja
 

CAMPBELL, JOSIAH ABIGAIL PATTERSON (1830-1917) Confederate Lieutenant Colonel – 40th Mississippi Infantry; Confederate Congressman – Mississippi – 1861-62

# campbelljosiahabigailpatterson
 

CAMPELL, J.W. (?-?) Sheriff of Jefferson County, Virginia during the trial, imprisonment, and execution of John Brown in 1859

# campbelljw
 

CAMPISTRON, JEAN GALBERT de (1656-1723) French Dramatist

# campistronjeangalbertde
 

CAMUS, ALBERT (1913-60) French philosopher, Author, and Journalist

# camusalbert
 

CANFIELD, EUGENE (1837-?) Prominent Attorney in Aurora, Illinois; Elected to the Illinois State Senate in 1872

# canfieldeugene
 

CANGE, CHARLES du FRESNE (1610-88) French Philologist & Historian

# cnagecharlesdufresne
 

CAPERS, ELLISON (1837-1908) Confederate Brigadier General – South Carolina

# capersellison
 

CAPERS, FRANCIS WITHERS (1819-92) Confederate General of Georgia State Troops

# capersfranciswithers
 

CAPERTON, ALLEN TAYLOR (1810-76) Confederate Senator – Virginia – 1863-65; U.S. Senator – West Virginia – 1875-76

# capertonallentaylor
 

CAPONE, ALPHONSE G. (1899-1945) Prohibition-era American Gangster & Businessman

# caponealphonseg
 

CAPOTE, TRUMAN (1924-84) American Writer

# capotetruman
 

CARLILE, JOHN SNYDER (1817-78) U.S. Senator – Virginia – 1861-65; U.S. Representative – Virginia – 1855-57 & 1861

# carlilejohnsnyder
 

CARLIN, WILLIAM H. Illinois State Congressman, circa 1850s; Postmaster of Quincy, Illinois - 1858-61

# carlinwilliamh
 

CARNEGIE, ANDREW (1835-1919) Scottish-Born American Industrialist & Philanthropist

# carnegieandrew
 

CARNES, WILLIAM WATTS (1841-1932) Served in the Confederate Army & Navy during the American Civil War; Sheriff of Shelby County, Tennessee – 1896-97

# carneswilliamwatts
 

CARPENTER, JOHN NEWSOM (1825-93) Confederate Colonel – 2nd Alabama Cavalry

# carpenterjohnnewsom
 

CARPENTER, PHILO (1805-86) American Abolitionist; First pharmacist in Chicago, Illinois, circa 1832; A founder and leader of the Chicago chapter of the American Anti-Slavery Society

# carpenterphilo
 

CARR, JOSEPH B. (1828-95) Union Brigadier General - New York

# carrjosephb
 

CARROLL, CHARLES OF CARROLLTON (1737-1832) Signer of the Declaration of Independence – Maryland – the Only Catholic & Last-Surviving Signer; Delegate to the Continental Congress – Maryland – 1776-78; U.S. Senator - Maryland – 1789-92

# carrollcharlesofcarrollton
 

CARROLL, DAVID WILLIAMSON (1816-1905) Confederate Colonel – 18th Arkansas Infantry; Confederate Congressman – Arkansas - 1865

# carrolldavidwilliamson
 

CARROLL, WILLIAM HENRY (1810-68) Confederate Brigadier General - Tennessee

# carrollwilliamhenry
 

CARSON, CHRISTOPHER H. “KIT” (1809-68) American Frontiersman & U.S. Army Officer; Union Brevet Brigadier General during the American Civil War

# carsonchristopherh
 

CARTER, JAMES EARL, JR. “JIMMY” (1924- ) Thirty-Ninth U.S. President – 1977-81; Governor of Georgia – 1971-75

# carterjamesearl
 

CARTER, JOHN CARPENTER (1837-64) Confederate Brigadier General – Tennessee; Mortally wounded at the Battle of Franklin, Tennessee - November 30, 1864

# carterjohncarpenter
 

CARVER, GEORGE WASHINGTON (ca1864-1943) African-American Agricultural Scientist & Inventor

# carvergeorgewashington
 

CARY, ALICE (1820-71) American Poet, the older sister of fellow poet Phoebe Cary

# caryalice
 

CASE, CHARLES HOSMER (1829-?) Prominent Teacher, Merchant, and Insurance Executive in Warsaw & Chicago, Illinois

# casecharleshosmer
 

CASEY, SILAS (1807-82) Union Major General – Rhode Island

# caseysilas
 

CASTRO, FIDEL (1926-2016) Cuban Revolutionary & Politician; Prime Minister of Cuba - 1959-76; President of Cuba – 1976-2008

# castrofidel
 

CASTRO, RAUL (b. 1931) Cuban Military & Political Leader; First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba - 2011-21; Brother of Fidel Castro

# castroraul
 

CATHERINE OF ARAGON (1485-1536) Queen Consort of England – 1509-1533; First Wife of King Henry VIII

# catherineofaragon
 

CATON, JOHN DEAN (1812-95) Associate & Chief Justice of the Illinois Supreme Court – 1843-64; Prominent Attorney in Chicago, Illinois

# catonjohndean
 

CATTELL, ALEXANDER GILMORE (1816-94) U.S. Senator – New Jersey – 1866-71

# cattellalexandergilmore
 

CELESTINE IV (?-1241) Italian-born Pope - 1241

# celestineI
 

CEZANNE, PAUL (1839-1906) French Artist and Post-Impressionist Painter

# cezannepaul
 

CHALMERS, JAMES RONALD (1831-98) Confederate Brigadier General; U.S. Representative – Mississippi – 1877-81 & 1884-85

# chalmersjamesronald
 

CHAMBERLAIN, FRANK O. (1829-1902) Member of the New York State Assembly from Ontario County, 1891-92; Buried in Woodlawn Cemetery, Canandaigua, New York

# chamberlainfranko
 

CHAMBERLAIN, JOSHUA LAWRENCE (1828-1914) Union Brigadier General – Maine; Colonel of the 20th Maine Volunteer Infantry; Awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for Gettysburg; Governor of Maine – 1867-71

# chamberlainjoshualawrence
 

CHAMBERLAIN, THOMAS D. (1841-96) Union Lieutenant Colonel - 20th Maine Volunteer Infantry; Brother of Union General Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain

# chamberlainthomasd
 

CHAMBERS, HENRY COUSINS (1823-71) Confederate Congressman – Mississippi – 1862-65

# chambershenrycousins
 

CHAMBERS, THOMAS JEFFERSON (1802-65) Major General of Texas Troops during the War for Independence with Mexico; Namesake of Chambers County, Texas

# chambersthomasjefferson
 

CHAMBLISS, JOHN RANDOLPH, JR. (1833-64) Confederate Brigadier General – Virginia; Killed-in-Action at the Second Battle of Deep Bottom, Virginia – August 14, 1864

# chamblissjohnrandolphjr
 

CHANDLER, ZACHARIAH (1813-79) U.S. Secretary of the Interior - 1875-77; U.S. Senator – Michigan - 1857-75 & 1879; Mayor of Detroit, Michigan – 1851-52

# chandlerzachariah
 

CHAPLIN, SIR CHARLES SPENCER “CHARLIE” (1889-1977) English Comic Actor, Filmmaker, and Composer

# chaplincharlie
 

CHAPMAN, AUGUSTUS A. (1803-76) Confederate Brigadier General of Virginia Militia; U.S. Congressman – Virginia – 1843-47

# chapmanaugustusa
 

CHAPMAN, REUBEN (1799-1882) Confederate Representative to France – 1862-65; U.S. Congressman – Alabama – 1835-47; Governor of Alabama – 1847-49

# chapmanreuben
 

CHARDIN, JEAN (1643-1713) French Jeweller & Traveller; Author of “The Travels of Sir John Chardin”

# chardinjean
 

CHARLEMAGNE (748-814) King of the Franks & Lombards; First Holy Roman Emperor – 800-814

# charlemagne
 

CHARLES, DUKE OF ORLEANS (1394-1465) French Nobleman & Medieval Poet

# charlesoforleans
 

CHASE, HENRY INGRAHAM (1820-96) Prominent Merchant & Grain Trader in Peoria, Illinois; Appointed Deputy Collector of the Fifth District of Illinois by President Abraham Lincoln

# chasehenryingraham
 

CHASE, SALMON P. (1808-73) U.S. Treasury Secretary - 1861-64 – In the Cabinet of President Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War; Chief Justice of the United States, Supreme Court - 1864-73; Governor of Ohio – 1856-60; U.S. Senator – Ohio – 1849-55 & 1

# chasesalmonp
 

CHASE, SAMUEL (1741-1811) Member of the Continental Congress – Maryland – 1776-78; Signer of the Declaration of Independence; U.S. Supreme Court Associate Justice – 1796-1811; Acquitted after being impeached by Congress, 1804-05

# chasesamuel
 

CHASTAIN, ELIJAH WEBB (1813-74) Confederate Lieutenant Colonel – 1st Georgia Infantry; U.S. Representative – Georgia – 1851-55

# chastainelijahwebb
 

CHEATHAM, BENJAMIN FRANKLIN (1820-86) Confederate Major General –Tennessee

# cheathambenjaminfranklin
 

CHEKHOV, ANTON PAVLOVICH (1860-1904) Russian Writer & Playwright

# chekhovantonpavlovich
 

CHENEY, CHARLES EDWARD (1836-1916) American Bishop in the Reformed Episcopal Church

# cheneycharlesedward
 

CHENOWETH, WILLIAM J. (1823-1915) Union Surgeon – 35th Illinois Infantry – 1861-62; Member of GAR Post #141 - Decatur, Illinois

# chenowethwilliamj
 

CHESNUT, JAMES, JR. (1815-85) Confederate Brigadier General – South Carolina; U.S. Senator – South Carolina – 1858-60

# chesnutjamesjr
 

CHEW, ROGER PRESTON (1843-1921) Confederate Lieutenant Colonel – Virginia; Commander of Horse Artillery in the Army of Northern Virginia

# chewrogerpreston
 

CHILDS, FREDERICK LYNN (1831-94) Confederate Lieutenant Colonel

# childsfredericklynn
 

CHILTON, ROBERT HALL (1815-79) Confederate Brigadier General - Virginia

# chiltonroberthall
 

CHILTON, WILLIAM PARISH (1810-71) Confederate Congressman – Alabama – 1861-62

# chiltonwilliamparish
 

CHINIQUY, CHARLES (1809-99) Canadian-Born Catholic Priest; Settled in Kankakee, Illinois; Was defended in an 1855 libel lawsuit by Abraham Lincoln

# chiniquycharles

Denounced the Catholic Church in mid-life, warning that importing thousands of immigrants from Ireland, Germany, and France, the American Civil War, and the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln were Vatican plots to take over the United States.

 

 

CHITTENDEN, SIMEON B. (1814-89) U.S. Congressman – New York – 1874-81

# chittendensimeonb
 

CHRISMAN, JAMES STONE (1818-81) Confederate Congressman – Kentucky – 1862-65; U.S. Representative – Kentucky – 1853-55

# chrismanjamesstone
 

CHURCHILL, CLEMENTINE S. (1885-1977) Wife of Winston Churchill

# churchillclementines
 

CHURCHILL, THOMAS JAMES (1824-1905) Confederate Major General – Arkansas; Governor of Arkansas – 1881-83

# churchillthomasjames
 

CHURCHILL, WINSTON S. (1874-1965) Prime Minister of England – 1940-45 & 1951-55

# churchillwinstons
 

CHURCHWELL, WILLIAM MONTGOMERY (1826-62) Confederate Colonel – 34th Tennessee Infantry; U.S. Representative – Tennessee – 1851-55

# churchwellwilliammontgomery
 

CIENFUEGOS, CAMILO (1932-59) Prominent Figure in the Cuban Revolutionary Army

# cienguegoscamilo
 

CINQUE, JOSEPH (circa 1814-79) Kidnapped West African, led the revolt aboard the "Amistad" in 1839

# cinquej
 

CLAIBORNE, JOHN M. (1839-1909) Confederate Officer – 8th Texas Cavalry, known as Terry’s Texas Rangers; Served under Nathan Bedford Forrest, Joseph Wheeler, and John Wharton, and was wounded three times during the Civil War

# claibornejohnm

Joined President Jefferson Davis and General John C. Breckinridge after they fled Richmond, and was captured by Union Troops near Cedartown, Georgia on May 15, 1865; Editor of a Texas newspaper, the “New Birmingham Times,” in the 1890s

 

CLAIBORNE, WILLIAM CHARLES COLE (1775-1817) First Governor of Mississippi Territory – 1801; First Governor of Orleans Territory – 1804-12; U.S. Senator – Louisiana – 1817; Veteran of the Battle of New Orleans

# claibornewilliamcc
 

CLANTON, JAMES HOLT (1827-71) Confederate Brigadier General – Alabama

# clantonjamesholt
 

CLARK, CHARLES (1811-77) Confederate Brigadier General – Mississippi; Confederate Governor of Mississippi – 1863-65

# clarkc
 

CLARK, DANIEL (1809-91) U.S. Senator – New Hampshire – 1857-66

# clarkdaniel
 

CLARK, JAMES BEAUCHAMP “CHAMP” (1850-1921) U.S. Representative – Missouri – 1893-95 & 1897-21; Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives – 1911-19

# clarkjamesbeauchamp
 

CLARK, JOHN BULLOCK, JR. (1831-1903) Confederate Brigadier General – Missouri; U.S. Representative – Missouri – 1873-83

# clarkjohnbullockjr
 

CLARK, JOHN BULLOCK, SR. (1802-85) Confederate General of Missouri State Troops; Confederate Congressman & Senator – Missouri – 1862-65; U.S. Representative – Missouri – 1857-61

# clarkjohnbullocksr
 

CLARK, LINCOLN (1800-86) U.S. Congressman – Iowa – 1851-53

# clarklincoln
 

CLARK, WALLIS OLWIN (1854-1914) U.S. Army Officer, graduated from West Point in 1877; Served with the 7th U.S. Cavalry in the western Indian Wars

# clarkwallisolwin
 

CLARK, WILLIAM (1770-1838) American Soldier & Explorer, famous for the “Lewis & Clark Expedition”; Governor of Missouri Territory – 1813-20

# clarkwilliam
 

CLARK, WILLIAM T. (1831-1905) Union Brigadier General – Iowa; U.S. Congressman – Texas – 1870-72

# clarkwilliamt
 

CLARKE, HENRY FRANCIS (1820-87) Union Brevet Major General; Brevetted Brigadier General for Gallantry at the Battle of Gettysburg; Aide on the Staff of General George B. McClellan

# clarkehenryfrancis
 

CLARKE, JOHN HOPKINS (1789-1870) U.S. Senator – Rhode Island – 1847-53

# clarkejohnhopkins
 

CLARKE, WILLIAM JOHN (1819-86) Confederate Colonel – 24th North Carolina Infantry

# clarkewilliamjohn
 

CLAUSSENIUS, HENRY (1825-96) German Consul in Chicago, Illinois, circa 1870

# clausseniushenry
 

CLAY, CASSIUS MARCELLUS (1810-1903) Union Major General – Kentucky; U.S. Minister to Russia - 1861-62 & 1863-69

# claycassiusmarcellus
 

CLAY, CLEMENT CLAIBORNE, JR. (1816-82) Confederate Senator – Alabama – 1862-64; U.S. Senator – Alabama – 1853-61

# clayclementclaibornejr
 

CLAY, HENRY (1777-1852) U.S. Secretary of State - 1825-29; U.S. Presidential Candidate - 1824, 1832 & 1844

# clayhenry

U.S. Senator – Kentucky – 1806-07, 1810-11, 1831-42 & 1849-52; U.S. Congressman – Kentucky – 1813-14, 1815-21 & 1823-25; Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives – 1811-14, 1815-20 & 1823-25

 

CLAYTON, ALEXANDER MOSBY (1801-89) Confederate Congressman – Mississippi - 1861

# claytonalexandermosby
 

CLAYTON, HENRY DeLAMAR, SR. (1827-89) Confederate Major General - Alabama

# claytonhenrydelamarsr
 

CLEBURNE, PATRICK RONAYNE (1828-64) Confederate Major General – Arkansas; Killed-in-Action at the Battle of Franklin, Tennessee – November 30, 1864

# cleburnepr
 

CLEM, JOHN LINCOLN “JOHNNY” (1851-1937) Union Lance Sergeant - 22nd Michigan; Served at Chickamauga; Wounded twice during the Atlanta Campaign

# clemjohnny

"The Drummer Boy of Chickamauga"

 

CLEMENS, OLIVIA LANGDON (1845-1904) Wife of American Author Samuel Langhorne Clemens, also known as Mark Twain

# clemensolivialangdon
 

CLEMENS, ORION (1825-97) Secretary of the Nevada Territory – 1861-64; Older brother of Samuel Langhorne Clemens, famous author who wrote under the pen name Mark Twain

# clemensorion
 

CLEMENS, SAMUEL LANGHORNE (1835-1910) American Author, also known as Mark Twain

# clemenssamuellanghorne
 

CLEVELAND, FRANCES FOLSOM (1864-1947) U.S. First Lady – 1886-89 & 1893-97

# clevalandfrancesfolsom
 

CLEVELAND, GROVER (1837-1908) Twenty-Second & Twenty-Fourth U.S. President - 1885-89 & 1893-97; Governor of New York – 1883-85; Mayor of Buffalo, New York - 1882

# clevelandgrover
 

CLEVELAND, ROSE ELIZABETH (1846-1918) Sister of Grover Cleveland; Served as functional First Lady during her brother’s time as New York Governor and as U.S. President before his marriage to Frances Folsom

# clevelandroseelizabeth
 

CLIFFORD, NATHAN (1803-81) U.S. Supreme Court Associate Justice – 1858-81; U.S. Attorney General – 1846-48; U.S. Representative – Maine – 1839-43

# cliffordnathan
 

CLINCH, DUNCAN LAMONT (1787-1849) U.S. Brevet Brigadier General - Commanded at the Seminole Indian War Battle of Withlacoochie; Served in the War of 1812; U.S. Representative – Georgia - 1845-46

# clinchduncanlamont
 

CLINGMAN, THOMAS LANIER (1812-1897) Confederate Brigadier General; U.S. Senator – North Carolina – 1858-61; U.S. Representative – North Carolina – 1843-45 & 1847-58

# clingmanthomaslanier
 

CLOPTON, DAVID (1820-92) Confederate Soldier – 12th Alabama Infantry; Confederate Congressman – Alabama – 1862-65; U.S. Representative – Alabama – 1859-61

# cloptondavid
 

CLUSKEY, MICHAEL WALSH (1832-73) Confederate Colonel; Confederate Congressman – Tennessee – 1864-65

# cluskeymichaelwalsh
 

COBB, HOWELL (1815-68) Confederate Major General – Georgia; Confederate Congressman – 1861-62; U.S. Treasury Secretary - 1857-60; U.S. Congressman – Georgia – 1843-51 & 1855-57; Governor of Georgia – 1851-53

# cobbhowell
 

COBB, THOMAS READE ROOTES (1823-62) Confederate Brigadier General – Georgia; Confederate Congressman – 1861-62; Killed-in-Action at the Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia – December 13, 1862

# cobbthomasreaderootes
 

COCHRANE, JOHN CROMBIE (1833-87) Renowned Architect in Chicago, Illinois; Designed the State Capitol Buildings in Springfield, Illinois & Des Moines, Iowa

# cochranejohncrombie
 

COCKE, PHILIP ST. GEORGE (1809-61) Confederate Brigadier General – Virginia

# cockephilipstgeorge
 

COCKRELL, FRANCIS M. (1834-1915) Confederate Brigadier General; U.S. Senator – Missouri – 1875-1905

# cockrellfrancism
 

CODY, WILLIAM F. “Buffalo Bill” (1846-1917) American Showman

# codywilliamf
 

COLBERT, WALLACE BRUCE (1834-65) Confederate Colonel – 40th Mississippi Infantry; Killed-in-Action at the Battle of Bentonville, North Carolina – March 21, 1865

# colbertwallacebruce
 

COLCOCK, CHARLES JONES (1820-91) Confederate Colonel – 3rd South Carolina Cavalry

# colcockcharlesjones
 

COLES, RUSSELL J., JR. (?-1928) Noted American Shark Expert & Hunter

# colesrusselljjr
 

COLES, WALTER (1790-1857) Second Lieutenant in the Second Regiment of Light Dragoons in the War of 1812; U.S. Congressman – Virginia – 1835-45

# coleswalter
 

COLLAMER, JACOB (1791-1865) U.S. Postmaster General – 1849-50; U.S. Senator – Vermont – 1855-65

# collamerjacob
 

COLLIER, BARRON G. (1873-1939) American Entrepreneur, instrumental in the development of southwestern Florida; Namesake of Collier County, Florida

# collierbarrong
 

COLLIER, HENRY W. (1801-55) Governor of Alabama – 1849-53; Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Alabama – 1837-49

# collierhenryw
 

COLLINS, FRANCIS D. (1841-91) U.S. Congressman – Pennsylvania – 1875-79

# collinsfrancis
 

COLLINS, THOMAS LeROY (1909-91) Governor of Florida - 1955-61; U.S. Navy Lieutenant – 1944-46

# collinsthomasleroy
 

COLLYER, ROBERT (1823-1912) English-Born American Unitarian Clergyman in Chicago, Illinois

# collyerrobert
 

COLQUITT, ALFRED H. (1824-1894) Confederate Brigadier General –Georgia; U.S. Representative – Georgia – 1853-55; Governor of Georgia – 1877-82; U.S. Senator – Georgia – 1883-94

# colquittalfredh
 

COLSTON, RALEIGH EDWARD (1825-96) Confederate Brigadier General

# colstonraleighedward
 

COLTON, CHAUNCEY SILL (1800-85) Union Quartermaster – 83rd Illinois Infantry, 1862-63, the unit being heavily engaged in the attack of Nathan Bedford Forrest and Joseph Wheeler on Fort Donelson, Tennessee – February 3, 1864

# coltonchaunceysill
 

COLYAR, ARTHUR ST. CLAIR (1818-1907) Confederate Congressman – 1864-65

# colyararthurstclair
 

COMSTOCK, ANTHONY (1844-1915) American Anti-Obscenity Crusader, created the New York Society for the Suppression of Vice; Union Army Private – 17th Connecticut Infantry

# comstockanthony
 

CONNER, JAMES (1829-83) Confederate Brigadier General – South Carolina

# connerjames
 

CONRAD, CHARLES MAGILL (1804-78) Confederate Congressman – 1862-65; U.S. Secretary of War – 1850-53; Acting U.S. Secretary of State – 1852; U.S. Senator – Louisiana – 1842-43; U.S. Representative – 1849-50

# conradcharlesmagill
 

CONROW, AARON HACKETT (1824-65) Confederate Congressman – Missouri – 1861-65; Confederate Colonel of Missouri State Guard; Murdered by bandits in Mexico – August 15, 1865

# conrowaaronhackett
 

COOK, JAMES (1728-79) British Naval Officer & Explorer; Known for voyages to Australia, New Zealand & The Hawaiian Islands, where he was killed by natives in 1779

# cookjames
 

COOK, PHILIP (1817-94) Confederate Brigadier General – Georgia; U.S. Representative – Georgia – 1873-83

# cookphilip
 

COOKE, JOHN ROGERS (1833-91) Confederate Brigadier General; Son of Union General Philip St. George Cooke and the brother-in-law of Confederate Major General Jeb Stuart

# cookejohnrogers
 

COOKE, WILLIAM WINER (1846-76) U.S. Army Officer during the American Civil War & Indian Wars; Served as adjutant for 7th Cavalry Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer and was killed during the Battle of the Little Bighorn – June 25, 1876

# cookewilliamwiner
 

COOLIDGE, CALVIN (1872-1933) Thirtieth U.S. President - 1923-29; U.S. Vice President – 1921-23; Governor of Massachusetts – 1919-21

# coolidgecalvin
 

COOLIDGE, GRACE (1879-1957) U.S. First Lady - 1923-29; Wife of U.S. President Calvin Coolidge

# coolidgegrace
 

COOPER, DOUGLAS HANCOCK (1815-79) Confederate Brigadier General – Mississippi; Served in the Mexican War; Federal Indian Agent to the Choctaw & Chickasaw Nations in the 1850s

# cooperdouglashancock
 

COOPER, JAMES FENIMORE (1789-1851) American Author; Wrote “The Last of the Mohicans” & “The Deerslayer”

# cooperjamesfenimore
 

COOPER, SAMUEL (1798-1876) Confederate General – Virginia

# coopersamuel
 

CORBETT, BOSTON (1832-94?) Union Sergeant – 16th New York Cavalry; Killed Lincoln Assassin John Wilkes Booth, April 26 1865

# corbettboston
 

CORBIN, HENRY CLARK (1842-1909) Union Brevet Brigadier General; Union Lieutenant – 83rd & 79th Ohio Infantries; Union Colonel – 14th U.S. Colored Troops; Spanish-American War General

# corbinhenryclark
 

CORCORAN, MICHAEL (1827-63) Union Brigadier General - New York

# corcoranmichael
 

CORDAY, CHARLOTTE (1768-93) French Revolution – Assassinated Jacobin Leader Jean-Paul Marat & was executed by guillotine on July 17, 1793

# cordaycharlotte
 

CORNELL, PAUL (1822-1904) Prominent Attorney, Real Estate Developer, and Insurance Executive in Chicago, Illinois; Founder of Hyde Park & Cornell, early suburbs of Chicago

# cornellpaul
 

CORNING, ERASTUS (1794-1872) American Industrialist – New York Central Railroad Founder; U.S. Congressman – 1857-59 & 1861-63

# corningerastus
 

CORSE, MONTGOMERY DENT (1816-95) Confederate Brigadier General - Virginia

# corsemontgomerydent
 

COSBY, GEORGE BLAKE (1830-1909) Confederate Brigadier General - Kentucky

# cosbygeorgeblake
 

COUCH, IRA (1806-57) Notable Businessman in Chicago, Illinois; Opened the Tremont House Hotel in 1836; Burial in Lincoln Park, Chicago, Illinois; Brother of James Couch

# couchira
 

COUCH, JAMES (1800-91) Businessman & Proprietor of Tremont House in Chicago, Illinois; Brother of Ira Couch

# couchjames
 

COWAN, EDGAR (1815-85 U.S. Senator – Pennsylvania – 1861-67

# cowanedgar
 

COX, WILLIAM RUFFIN (1831-1919) Confederate Brigadier General; U.S. Representative – North Carolina – 1881-87; Secretary of the U.S. Senate – 1893-1900

# coxwilliamruffin
 

CRAGIN, AARON HARRISON (1821-98) U.S Representative – New Hampshire – 1855-59; U.S Senator – New Hampshire – 1865-77

# craginaaronharrison
 

CRAIGE, FRANCIS BURTON (1811-75) Confederate Congressman – 1861-62; Ordnance of Secession Signer; U.S. Representative – North Carolina – 1853-61

# craigefrancisburton
 

CRAM, THOMAS J. (1804-83) Union Brevet Major General; Staff Officer to General John Wool

# cramthomasj
 

CRANE, HAROLD HART (1899-1932) American Poet

# cranehart
 

CRANSTON, ROBERT BENNIE (1791-1873) U.S. Representative - Rhode Island – 1837-43 & 1847-49

# cranstonrobertbennie
 

CRATTY, THOMAS (1833-?) Prominent Attorney in Peoria, Illinois

# crattythomas
 

CRAWFORD, GEORGE WALKER (1798-1872) U.S. Secretary of War – 1849-50; Governor of Georgia – 1843-47; U.S. Representative – Georgia - 1843

# crawfordgeorgewalker
 

CRAWFORD, MARTIN JENKINS (1820-83) Confederate Congressman – Georgia; Confederate Colonel – 3rd Georgia Cavalry; Served on the staff of General Howell Cobb; U.S. Congressman – Georgia – 1855-61

# crawfordmartinjenkins
 

CRESWELL, JOHN A.J. (1828-91) U.S. Postmaster General – 1869-74; U.S. Senator – Maryland – 1865-67

# creswelljohnaj
 

CRITTENDEN, GEORGE BIBB (1812-80) Confederate Brigadier General - Kentucky

# crittendengeorgebibb
 

CRITTENDEN, JOHN JORDAN (1787-1863) U.S. Attorney General - 1841 & 1850-53; U.S. Congressman – Kentucky – 1861-63; U.S. Senator – Kentucky – 1817-19, 1835-48 & 1855-61; Governor of Kentucky – 1848-50; Veteran of the War of 1812

# crittendenjohnjordan
 

CRITTENDEN, THOMAS L. (1819-93) Union Major General – Kentucky

# crittendenthomsj
 

CROCKETT, DAVID "DAVY" (1786-1836) American Frontiersman & Folk Hero; U.S. Congressman - Tennessee - 1827-31; Killed at the Battle of the Alamo, during the Texas Revolution

# crockettdavid
 

CROWELL, JOHN (1801-83) U.S. Representative - Ohio – 1847-51; Major General of Ohio Militia

# crowelljohn
 

CRUIKSHANK, MARCUS HENDERSON (1826-81) Confederate Congressman – Alabama – 1864-65; Mayor of Talladega, Alabama - 1850

# cruikshankmarcushenderson
 

CUHL, PETER (1833-89) Prussian-Born Commission Merchant in Cairo, Illinois

# cuhlpeter
 

CUMMING, ALFRED (1829-1910) Confederate Brigadier General - Georgia

# cummingalfred
 

CURIE, MARIE (1867-1934) Polish-born French Physicist & Chemist

# curiemarie
 

CURRIER, CHARLES LOYAL (1828-?) Prominent Insurance Executive in Chicago, Illinois; Official in the American Insurance Company

# curriercharlesloyal
 

CURRY, JABEZ LAMAR MONROE (1825-1903) Confederate Congressman - Alabama – 1861-64; Confederate Lieutenant Colonel of Cavalry; U.S. Representative – Alabama 1857-61; Mexican War – Private in the Texas Rangers

# curryjabezlamarmonroe
 

CURTIN, ANDREW GREGG (1817-94) Governor of Pennsylvania – 1861-67; U.S. Representative – Pennsylvania – 1881-87

# curtinandrewgregg
 

CUSTER, BOSTON (1848-76) Brother of George Armstrong & Thomas Custer; Killed at the Battle of the Little Big Horn, June 25, 1876

# custerboston
 

CUSTER, ELIZABETH B. (1842-1933) Wife of 7th Cavalry Lieutenant Colonel George A. Custer; Author of Numerous Books on Her Husband and the American West

# custerelizabethb
 

CUSTER, GEORGE ARMSTRONG (1839-76) Union Major General of Cavalry – Michigan; Lieutenant Colonel – 7th U.S. Cavalry – Killed-in-Action at Little Big Horn

# custergeorgea
 

CUSTER, THOMAS W. (1845-76) U.S. Army Officer; Twice awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for service during the American Civil War; Younger brother of George Armstrong Custer, in whose command he was killed-in-action at the Battle of Little Big Hor

# custerthomasw
 

CUSTIS, GEORGE WASHINGTON PARKE (1781-1857) American Author; Grandson of Martha Washington; Father-in-Law of Robert E. Lee; Owner of Arlington House

# custisgeorgewashingtonparke
 

CUTLER, AUGUSTUS W. (1827-97) U.S. Congressman – New Jersey – 1875-79

# cutleraugustusw
 

D'ANNUNZIO, GABRIELE, PRINCE OF MONTENEVOSO (1863-1938) Italian Poet, Orator, Journalist, Politician, and Army Officer during World War I

# dannunziogabriele
 

DACIER, ANNE LE FEVRE (1651-1720) French Scholar, Translator, and Editor

# dacierannelefevre
 

DADE, FRANCIS L. (ca.1793-1835) U.S. Army Officer; Ambushed and killed during the Second Seminole War near present-day Ocala, Florida, in what came to be known as the "Dade Massacre"

# dadefrancisl
 

DAGUERRE, LOUIS (1787-1851) French Artist & Photographer, recognized for his invention of the Daguerreotype

# daguerrelouis
 

DAHLGREN, JOHN A. (1809-70) Union Rear Admiral - Pennsylvania

# dahlgrenjohna
 

DAHLGREN, MADELEINE VINTON (1825-89) American Writer, Translator, and Anti-Suffragist; Married U.S. Admiral John A Dahlgren in 1865

# dahlgrenmadeleinevinton
 

DALE, RICHARD (1756-1826) American Revolutionary War, Officer in the Continental Navy; U.S. Navy Commodore – First Barbary War

# dalerichard
 

DALLAS, ALEXANDER J. (1759-1817) U.S. Treasury Secretary - 1814-16; Acting U.S. Secretary of War - 1815

# dallasalexanderj